Encyclopedia Astronautica
Corporal E


American short range ballistic missile. Experimental version of Corporal Missile

The US Army ORDCIT program to develop ballistic rockets as potential weapons began with the Private-A and Private-F, continued with the Wac Corporal, and then the Corporal-E, before finally becoming a separate weapon development program. The first test flight of the Coporal-E, on 22 May 1947, was a complete success. In September 1949, after the firing of Corporal-E Round 4, the Missiles and Rockets Branch of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance requested Jet Propulsion Laboratory to develop a guidance system for the improved version of the Corporal missile. During the next two years, while work on this new guidance system was being carried out, seven more Corporal-E rounds were fired at White Sands Proving Ground. On January 18, 1950, the Chief of Ordnance directed Jet Propulsion Laboratories to accelerate the Corporal-E research test vehicle program and reorient the project to a guided missile weapon system. On August 11, 1950, the Deputy Assistant Chief of Staff for Research and Development proposed that the Army undertake development of a modified version of the Corporal-E, the Corporal I. The Corporal-E was terminated as a specific project.

Failures: 3. First Fail Date: 1947-07-17. Last Fail Date: 1951-10-10.

Gross mass: 4,500 kg (9,900 lb).
Height: 14.00 m (45.00 ft).
Diameter: 0.76 m (2.49 ft).
Thrust: 89.00 kN (20,007 lbf).
Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).
First Launch: 1947.05.22.
Last Launch: 1951.10.10.
Number: 10 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Corporal The first US long-range missile, evolved from a series of Army research rockets begun by Caltech in 1944. More...
  • missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • JPL American agency;manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, USA. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • White Sands White Sands Missile Range occupies an area 160 x 65 km in the Tularosa Basin of southern New Mexico, across the Sacramento Mountain range from Roswell. In the 1930's, Robert Goddard, after surveying weather conditions and population densities, had selected Roswell for his pioneering rocket tests. White Sands, a true desert area, was even more unpopulated than Roswell. German advances in rocketry during World War II impelled the US Army to begin programs to exploit this technology. The White Sands Proving Ground was established for testing German and American long-range rockets on 9 July 1945. Seven days later the first atomic bomb was exploded at Trinity Site, near the north boundary of the range. The first launch of a Tiny Tim rocket was on 26 September 1945. On 11 October a Tiny Tim boosted a WAC Corporal rocket from the tower. This was the first use of Launch Complex 33, later to be used for V-2, Nike, Viking, Corporal, Lance and Multiple Launch Rocket System testing. More...
  • White Sands LC33 Wac, Viking, V-2, Nike, Javelin, Hermes, Corporal, Atlas, Apache launch complex. LC 33 was the United States' first major rocket launch facility. The original Army Launch Area 1 complex consisted of a blockhouse, several concrete launching pads for captured German V-2 rockets, a 30-m tall launch tower for Aerobee rockets, a gantry and blast pit. More...

Associated Stages
  • Corporal E-1 Nitric acid/Amine propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 4,500 kg. Thrust 89.00 kN. Nitric acid/Aniline-Furfuyrl alcohol propellants. More...

Corporal E Chronology


1947 May 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal E. LV Configuration: Corporal E 1 31D.
  • 31D - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 39 km (24 mi). Summary: The missile attained a range of 100 km and accepted guidance corrections..

1947 July 17 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal E. LV Configuration: Corporal E 2 33E. FAILURE: Failure.
  • 33E test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1947 November 4 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal E. LV Configuration: Corporal E 3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1949 June 7 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal E. LV Configuration: Corporal E 4E. FAILURE: Failure.
  • 4E test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1950 July 11 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal E. LV Configuration: Corporal E 5E.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1950 November 2 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal E. LV Configuration: Corporal E 6E.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1951 January 16 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal E. LV Configuration: Corporal E 7R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1951 March 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal E. LV Configuration: Corporal E 8R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1951 July 12 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal E. LV Configuration: Corporal E 9R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1951 October 10 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal E. LV Configuration: Corporal E 11R. FAILURE: Failure.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 0 km ( mi). Summary: First flight with configuration representative of that used for the production tactical missile..

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