Encyclopedia Astronautica
Atlas Burner 2


American orbital launch vehicle. Atlas SLV-3 + 1 x Star 37B upper stage.

Failures: 1. First Fail Date: 1968-08-16. Last Fail Date: 1968-08-16.

Gross mass: 130,000 kg (280,000 lb).
Height: 28.90 m (94.80 ft).
Diameter: 3.05 m (10.00 ft).
Thrust: 1,700.00 kN (382,100 lbf).
Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).
First Launch: 1968.08.16.
Number: 1 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • Calsphere American military target satellite. 11 launches, 1964.10.06 (Calsphere 1) to 1971.02.17 (Calsphere 5). Radar calibration objects (but also cover for other classified subsatellites). More...
  • OV5 American earth magnetosphere satellite. 8 launches, 1967.04.28 (OV5-03) to 1969.05.23 (OV5-09). OV5 was a version of the USAF Environmental Research Satellites dedicated to radiation research and VLF plasma wave detection. More...
  • Orbiscal American earth ionosphere satellite. 7 launches, 1968.08.16 (AVL-802 Grid Sphere 7-1) to (AVL-802 Grid Sphere 7-1). Investigate effects of ionosphere on radio signals. More...
  • RADCAT American military technology satellite. 2 launches, 1968.08.16 (Radcat) and 1972.10.02 (RADCAT). Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology. More...
  • RM American earth micrometeoroid satellite. 2 launches, 1968.08.16 (RM-18) and 1970.11.09 (RM-1; RMS). Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space. More...

See also
  • Atlas The Atlas rocket, originally developed as America's first ICBM, was the basis for most early American space exploration and was that country's most successful medium-lift commercial launch vehicle. It launched America's first astronaut into orbit; the first generations of spy satellites; the first lunar orbiters and landers; the first probes to Venus, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, and Saturn; and was America's most successful commercial launcher of communications satellites. Its innovative stage-and-a-half and 'balloon tank' design provided the best dry-mass fraction of any launch vehicle ever built. It was retired in 2004 after 576 launches in a 47-year career. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Convair American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Convair, USA. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Vandenberg Vandenberg Air Force Base is located on the Central Coast of California about 240 km northwest of Los Angeles. It is used for launches of unmanned government and commercial satellites into polar orbit and intercontinental ballistic missile test launches toward the Kwajalein Atoll. More...
  • Vandenberg SLC3E Atlas V, Atlas launch complex. Atlas test facility, originally designated PALC1-2, then LC1-2, and finally upgraded to a Space Launch Facility in 1966. More...

Associated Stages
  • Atlas Agena SLV-3 Lox/Kerosene propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 117,026/2,326 kg. Thrust 386.30 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 316 seconds. More...
  • Atlas MA-5A Lox/Kerosene propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 4,187/4,187 kg. Thrust 2,093.70 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 299 seconds. More...
  • Star 37B Solid rocket stage. 45.00 kN (10,116 lbf) thrust. Mass 718 kg (1,583 lb). More...

Atlas Burner 2 Chronology


1968 August 16 - . 20:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Burner 2. LV Configuration: Atlas / Burner 2 7004. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • LCS 3 - . Payload: LCS 3. Mass: 37 kg (81 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF; USN. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Orbiscal. Decay Date: 1968-08-16 . COSPAR: F680816A. Summary: First of two Atlas/Burner II space launches. 1 of 13 satellite launch attempts; investigate effects of ionosphere on radio signals..
  • Radcat - . Payload: Radcat. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft: Radcat. COSPAR: F680816G.
  • OV5-8 - . Payload: OV5-8. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft: OV5. COSPAR: F680816H.
  • EGRS 12 - . Payload: EGRS 12. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft: Orbiscal. COSPAR: F680816I.
  • EGRS 11 - . Payload: EGRS 11. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft: Orbiscal. COSPAR: F680816J.
  • RM-18 - . Payload: RM-18. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft: RM. COSPAR: F680816E.
  • AVL-802 Rigid Sphere - . Payload: AVL-802. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft: Calsphere. COSPAR: F680816L.
  • Orbiscal 1 - . Payload: Orbiscal 1. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft: Orbiscal. COSPAR: F680816F.
  • AVL-802 Grid Sphere 7-2 - . Payload: AVL-802. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft: Calsphere. COSPAR: F680816B.
  • AVL-802 Grid Sphere 7-1 - . Payload: AVL-802. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft: Orbiscal. COSPAR: F680816C.
  • AVL-802 Mylar Sphere - . Payload: AVL-802. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft: Calsphere. COSPAR: F680816D.

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