Encyclopedia Astronautica
32B


Russian surface-to-air missile. Alternate missile developed for the S-25 system. Technically superior but not put into production, it led to the S-75 and later Soviet surface-to-air missiles.

The 32B (ShB) rocket was the competing design to the V-300/205 for the Berkut air defence system. The missile was designed by D L Tomashevich of Section 32 of KB-1. Forty of these rockets were built, and 36 fired during trials in 1953-1954. These tests showed that the 32B was superior to the 205. It was lighter, cheaper, and had more potential for use in future mobile versions of the system. But it would take time to organize production, and in the meantime the S-25 system was already being deployed with the 205 missile, since this had completed state trials first. The 32B experimental surface-to-air missile featured a solid propellant booster developed by I I Kartukov, a liquid propellant second stage powered by Isayev S2.168 and S2.168L engines, and the design group also completed a new launcher concept. These experimental systems provided the basis for the next generation of PVO surface-to-air missiles. Chief Engineer for this work was Pavel Dmitrevich Grushin, who would figure prominently in future surface-to-air missile systems development.

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Associated Countries
See also
  • Russian SAMs and ABMs Perhaps no missiles ever produced had as much historical influence as the surface-to-air missiles of the Soviet Union. Originally conceived to provide a defence against the American bomber fleets of the early Cold War, they decisively affected the turn of events when they shot down American U-2 reconnaissance aircraft over Russia and Cuba. Soviet-provided missiles accounted for a hundred American aircraft over North Vietnam and set the terms of the air battle. A new generation of missiles presented a huge technological surprise and took an awful toll of Israeli aircraft in the 1973 war. To this day, Russian surface-to-air missiles provide the only defence available to most countries against American bombers, and Russian man-portable anti-aircraft missiles are a major part of the terrorist threat. More...
  • S-25 First surface-to-air missile deployed by the Soviet Union. Under a crash program ordered by Stalin, development began in 1951, first guided launch was in 1953, and by 1956, 2,640 launchers were deployed in defence of Moscow. The system was upgraded with improved missiles and ground systems into the 1960's. More...
  • missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Almaz Russian manufacturer of rockets. Almaz Design Bureau, Moscow, Russia. More...
  • Grushin Russian manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Fakel Machine Building Design Bureau named for P D Grushin, Khimki, Russia. More...

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