Encyclopedia Astronautica
Suborbital Launch Site


Category of launch sites.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Launch Sites
  • Midway Midway Island is approximately half way between North America and Asia. The uninhabited place was seized as an American possession in 1903 to provide a base for the first transpacific cable. It was later developed into a naval air station and figured importantly in early military and commercial aviation as a refuelling point for transpacific flights. It consists of two major atolls, Sand Island and Eastern Island, both of them almost entirely taken up by airfields. More...
  • Wurtsmith AFB The base was used by the Army Air Corps under tha names of Loud-Reames Aviation Field (1923-1942) and Oscoda Army Air Field (1942-1951). It was received its current name in 1951 when a he first of a succession of Air Defence Command squadrons were based there. Following runway and hangar improvements, B-52 bomber wings also occupied the base from 1961. In 1973 the Air Force base was closed and the facility began a new life as the public Oscoda-Wurtsmith Airport. More...
  • Raketenflugplatz The world's first rocket port, an abandoned German Army storage facility in the northern suburbs of Berlin. Used for 6 launches from 1931 to 1931, reaching up to 1 kilometer altitude. More...
  • Kummersdorf German Army firing range, on the rail line 46 km south of Berlin. The German Army conducted rocket firing tests here from 1930 to 1945, and von Braun's rocket team worked here at first while developing the V-2. Actual launches of the rockets, after the earliest tests, moved to Greifswalder Oie and then Peenemuende on the Baltic. More...
  • Cuxhaven As the only site in Germany with an unrestricted over-water firing sector over the North Sea, Cuxhaven was once touted as 'the Cape Canaveral of Germany'. Primarily known to space historians for the three post-war V-2 launches under project Backfire, it played an important role in the nascent post-World War II German rocketry. A nearly completely unknown series of scientific sounding rocket launches were made from the area in 1957-1964 before the launch site was closed on (purportedly) safety and (actually) military grounds. More...
  • Peenemuende First launch site in the world, used for development of the V-1, A-4/V-2, Wasserfall, and other missiles. Among many major facilities, engine test stands were built that were capable of accommodating planned engines for the A-10 intercontinental missile. 296 known launches were made from the site between 1937 and 1945. More...
  • Robins AFB Originally known as the Georgia Air Depot, this major Air Force maintenance facility was established in 1941. More...
  • Heidelager German test range for production V-2 missiles, used for 278 launches from 1943 to 1944, reaching up to 90 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Heidekraut German test range for production V-2 missiles. Used for 265 launches from 1944 to 1945, reaching up to 90 kilometers altitude. More...
  • White Sands White Sands Missile Range occupies an area 160 x 65 km in the Tularosa Basin of southern New Mexico, across the Sacramento Mountain range from Roswell. In the 1930's, Robert Goddard, after surveying weather conditions and population densities, had selected Roswell for his pioneering rocket tests. White Sands, a true desert area, was even more unpopulated than Roswell. German advances in rocketry during World War II impelled the US Army to begin programs to exploit this technology. The White Sands Proving Ground was established for testing German and American long-range rockets on 9 July 1945. Seven days later the first atomic bomb was exploded at Trinity Site, near the north boundary of the range. The first launch of a Tiny Tim rocket was on 26 September 1945. On 11 October a Tiny Tim boosted a WAC Corporal rocket from the tower. This was the first use of Launch Complex 33, later to be used for V-2, Nike, Viking, Corporal, Lance and Multiple Launch Rocket System testing. More...
  • Point Arguello The US Navy had established a Naval Air Facility at Point Mugu for cruise missile test in November 1945. After the Air Force had acquired the northern part of Camp Cooke from the Army for use as Vandenberg AFB, the surplus southern portion of the former camp, encompassing over 19,800 acres, was transferred to the U.S. Navy in May 1958. The Navy subsequently established a Pacific Missile Range with headquarters at Point Mugu and instrumentation sites along the California coast and at various islands in the Pacific. More...
  • Holloman Military missile and sounding rocket launch site. Also notable for several rocket-powered sleds, used to test a variety of manned and unmanned aircraft and aerospace vehicles at supersonic speeds. Known to have been used for 147 major launches from 1948 to 1959, reaching up to 235 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Camp de Suippes Test rocket launch location known to have been used for 5 launches from 1950 to 1951, reaching up to 2 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Vernon Test rocket launch location known to have been used for 1 launch in 1951. More...
  • Le Cardonnet Test rocket launch location known to have been used for 5 launches in 1952, reaching up to 1 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Poker Flat Sounding rocket launch site. In use from 1969 to present. Poker Flat Rocket Range (PFRR) contains five major launch pads. Pads 1 and 2 each have a 7.5K launcher, pads 3 and 4 each contain 20K MRL launchers, and pad 5 contains a 4K twin boom launcher. Pad 3 is equipped with a moveable launcher enclosure which can be used to protect a rocket on pad 3 and workers from the severe winter weather. More...
  • Fort Churchill Fort Churchill is an Arctic site on Hudson Bay with a rail link. It is near the point of maximum auroral activity. This combination of circumstances made it ideal for far-north sounding rocket launches. In 1954, the Canadian Army conducted the first series of rocket firings at Fort Churchill. Following a period of inactivity, construction of more elaborate facilities in support of the International Geophysical Year began in 1956. IGY firings began in July 1957. The range was closed again in December 1958 after the IGY program ended. It was reopened again in August 1959 by the US Army as part of its network of sounding rocket stations. This allowed use of the site by other groups over the years. More...
  • NAOTS F2H aircraft flying from this Naval Air Station launched Rockair sounding rockets in 1955, known to have been used for 5 launches, reaching up to 55 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Point Mugu US Naval Air Station and major missile testing centre, known to have been used for 2551 launches from 1955 to 2005. The actual total of missile tests is many times greater. More...
  • Bikini Nuclear test site. Sounding rockets were launched from here to monitor blast and fallout of nuclear explosions. Bikini was known to have been used for 13 launches from 1956 to 1956, reaching up to 75 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Ile du Levant In October 1950 a military missile test site was established at the French naval base on the Ile du Levant, an offshore island in the Mediterranean near Toulon. This was named CERES (Special Weapons Research and Tests Center) in 1952 and replaced a beach site at Pampelone used for ad-hoc launches since 1948. In 1968 it was expanded to include the La Renardiere site on Pont ST Mandrier and renamed CEM (Mediterranean Test Center). La Renardiere had been used in 1945 for testing the first French liquid propelled rocket, the EA 41. Ile du Levant was known to have been used for at least 111 launches from 1956 to 1969, reaching up to 270 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Akita Sounding rocket launch site for Kappa series, known to have been used for 81 launches from 1956 to 1990. More...
  • Guam Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 12 launches from 1957 to 1958, reaching up to 85 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Mercury Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 9 launches in 1957, reaching up to 30 kilometers altitude, for support of nuclear tests. More...
  • San Nicolas Military facility on the California Channel Islands, used for rocket launches in support of other missile tests from Vandenberg or Point Mugu. Known to have been used for 35 launches from 1957 to 2004, reaching up to 443 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Eniwetok Nuclear test sites. Sounding rockets were launched from here to monitor nuclear blast effects and fallout from 22 October 1957. Known to have been used for 7 launches from 1957 to 1958, reaching up to 5000 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Kheysa Soviet arctic sounding rocket launch site, known to have been used for 1950 launches from 1957 to 1990, reaching up to 200 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Tonopah Sounding rocket and test vehicle launch site. Conducted launches in support of US nuclear weapons development programs. Known to have been used for 93 launches from 1957 to 1986, reaching up to 270 kilometers altitude. More...
  • San Clemente Military facility on the California Channel Islands, used for rocket launches in support of other missile tests from Vandenberg or Point Mugu. In use from 1957. Known to have been used for 10 launches from 1958 to 1984, reaching up to 672 kilometers altitude. Later plans were made for an off-shore launch platform here for the Starstruck vehicle. More...
  • Johnston Island US military base on this island in the Pacific Ocean. Used for rocket-launched nuclear tests in the 1950's. In the 1960's it was the site for the operational AFP-437 anti-satellite system. The system was retired in 1975. Several sounding rockets were also launched over the years, either in support of nuclear tests or in experiments related to anti-satellite technology. Known to have been used for 124 launches from 1958 to 1975, reaching up to 1158 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Ramey Sounding rocket launch site used in support of high-altitude monitoring after Project Argus nuclear tests. Six launches in 1958 reached up to 825 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Sary Shagan Primary Soviet anti-ballistic missile test site. Known to have been used for 85 launches from 1958 to 2007, reaching up to 300 kilometers altitude. The actual number of missile tests ran into the thousands. More...
  • Aberporth The Aberporth military test range is located on Cardigan Bay on the west coast of Wales. It already became associated with solid rocket tests during the Second World War. Development of surface-to-air missiles began there in 1948 and tests were made of re-entry and high-speed aircraft shapes in the 1960's. Due to the military nature of the site, the only sounding rocket launches have been to support military test operations. These included 40 known launches from 1959 to 1972. More...
  • Eglin This US Air Force proving ground and missile test range, based in Valparaiso, Florida and extending over a vast expanse of the Gulf of Mexico, was founded in 1935, In early 1946 the First Experimental Guided Missiles Group was activated at Eglin. The highly-instrumented Eglin Gulf Test Range supported flight tests of Bomarc, Matador, Quail, and Hound Dog cruise missiles. Both the military and NASA used Eglin to support launch of sounding rockets in support of their programs. Eglin was known to have been used for 441 launches from 1959 to 1980, reaching up to 686 kilometers altitude. The actual number of missile tests was many times greater. More...
  • Laogang Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 1 launch in 1960, reaching up to 8 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Fort Wingate Military testing range. In use from 1958 to present. Known to have been used for 71 major launches from 1960 to 2002, reaching up to 250 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Shijiedu Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 7 launches from 1960 to 1966, reaching up to 115 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Salto di Quirra Salto di Quirra, in southeast Sardinia near the town of Perdas de Fogu, is an inter-service missile test center operated by the Italian Air Force. It also supports sounding rocket launches and test of larger rockets in support of Italy's abandoned ballistic missile and on-and-of satellite launcher programs. More...
  • Obachi Location used for release and launch of balloon-launched Kappa sounding rockets in 1961. More...
  • Kronogard Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 18 launches from 1961 to 1964, reaching up to 135 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Novaya Zemlya Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 2 launches in 1961, reaching up to 100 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Kwajalein The US military base located on this Pacific island group has major tracking facilities and is near the impact area for dummy warheads fired by ICBM's from Vandenberg AFB. It is a key test location for anti-ballistic missile systems. More...
  • Reggane Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 12 launches from 1961 to 1965, reaching up to 150 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Kindley Weather rocket launch site, known to have been used for 21 launches from 1962 to 1971, reaching up to 90 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Sonmiani Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 90 launches from 1962 to 2007, reaching up to 423 kilometers altitude. More...
  • McMurdo Station Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 28 launches from 1962 to 1963, reaching up to 69 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Andoya Andoya Rocket Range (ARR) is the world's northernmost permanent launch facility for sounding rockets and scientific balloons and is responsible for all scientific-related balloon and rocket operations in Norwegian territory. ARR provides complete services for launch, operations, data acquisition, recovery and ground instrumentation support. The range has conducted more than 650 rocket launches and hosted scientists and engineers from more than 70 institutes and universities. More...
  • Barking Sands Military missile test and sounding rocket launch site. In use from 1962 to present. Sandia National Laboratories operates the Kauai Test Facility for the Department of Energy and, through inter-Service Support Agreements provides the Barking Sands Pacific Missile Range Facility with rocket launch services for target systems and upper atmosphere measurements. PMRF/KTF is recognized in the INF Treaty as an authorized site from which launches of the STARS missile can be conducted. The site was recently involved in anti-ballistic missile tests. Known to have been used for 2320 launches from 1962 to 2007, reaching up to 1000 kilometers altitude. More...
  • CELPA Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 92 launches from 1962 to 1974, reaching up to 406 kilometers altitude. More...
  • South Uist British missile test range, occupying a good portion of northwest South Uist island in the Hebrides. Aside from missile testing, it has also been used for launch of Skua and Petrel meteorological rockets. Known to have been used for 222 launches from 1962 to 1982, reaching up to 174 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Ascension Sounding rocket launch site located on an island in the South Atlantic near a NASA/USAF tracking station. Known to have been used for 1703 launches from 1963 to 2000, reaching up to 158 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Kerguelen Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 186 launches from 1963 to 1981, reaching up to 416 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Datil Military testing range, known to have been used for 3 launches in 1963, reaching up to 50 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Birdling's Flat Sounding rocket launch site, known to have been used for 2 launches in 1963 and 1964, reaching up to 60 kilometers altitude. Co-located with radar site operated by University of Canterbury. More...
  • Sovetskaya Gavan Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 6 launches from 1963 to 1964, reaching up to 402 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Niijima Sounding rocket and test vehicle launch site, known to have been used for 18 launches from 1963 to 1965, reaching up to 150 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Fort Bliss Military testing range. In use from 1945 to present. Known to have been used for 75 major launches from 1963 to 2000, reaching up to 365 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Black Mesa Military testing range. Known to have been used for 80 launches from 1963 to 1970, reaching up to 250 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Thumba Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 1385 launches from 1963 to 2004, reaching up to 400 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Leba Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 134 launches from 1963 to 1974, reaching up to 90 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Green River Military testing range used to launch several hundred Athena rockets from 1964 to 1973. These sent re-entry test vehicles or anti-ballistic missile targets to impact points in the US Army's White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico. This was one of the few examples of sustained interstate missile tests within the United States. Known to have been used for 244 launches from 1964 to 1975, reaching up to 281 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Little Carter Bay Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 5 launches from 1964 to 1966, reaching up to 200 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Carnarvon Location of a major NASA tracking station. Sounding rocket launch locations nearby were known to have been used for 12 launches from 1964 to 1965, reaching up to 120 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Puente del Inca Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 1 launch in 1964, reaching up to 35 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Keweenaw In 1962 the University of Michigan proposed a launch site near the center of the North American continent. This would fill in a gap in the US Army's Meteorological Rocket Network. Following a survey of available sites a location on the Keweenaw Peninsula in Lake Superior was selected. The site was in use from 1964-1971. More...
  • Vik Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 4 launches from 1964 to 1965, reaching up to 451 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Thule AFB Air Force base used for a series of geomagnetic pole sounding rocket launches from 1970 to 1976. Also known to have been used for 988 launches from 1964 to 1980, reaching up to 122 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Point Barrow Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 73 launches from 1965 to 1972, reaching up to 200 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Kiruna The sounding rocket launch site at Kiruna was officially opened in September 1966 under the auspices of ESRO (European Space Research Organisation). When ESA was created in 1972 and replaced ESRO, Kiruna came under the management of the Swedish Space Corporation, a state-owned limited liability company under the Swedish Ministry of Industry. The 'Esrange' is located 45 km from the town of Kiruna and has seven permanent pads able to launch the largest sounding rockets, including the Black Brant 9, Skylark 12, and Castor 4B-boosted vehicles. More...
  • Base Matienzo Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 1 launch in 1965, reaching up to 35 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Natal Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 233 launches from 1965 to 2007, reaching up to 1100 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Cape Karikari Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 7 launches in 1965, reaching up to 88 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Gilson Butte Military testing range. In use from 1964 to 1970. Known to have been used for 34 major launches from 1965 to 1968, reaching up to 250 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Rarotonga Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 5 launches in 1965, reaching up to 270 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Biscarosse In April 1962 France signed the final agreements with Algeria, requiring them to evacuate their rocket test ranged there by July 1967. Three months later a site on French soil on the Bay of Biscay, at Landes, near Biscarosse, was selected. The site would allow the testing of missiles over the Atlantic out to a range of 3000 km. This would put the RV impact area near the Azores, and a tracking station was opened in October 1966 on Flores island. More...
  • Pameungpeuk Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 10 launches from 1965 to 2005, reaching up to 191 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Coronie Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 4 launches in 1965, reaching up to 205 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Nenoksa Primary missile testing range of the Russian Navy. Known to have been used for 22 launches from 1965 to 1997, reaching up to 1000 kilometers altitude, but the number of actual missile tests was in the hundreds. More...
  • Antigua Tracking facility used for a series of NASA launches from May 1972 to January 1974. The sounding rocket launch location was known to have been used for 1042 launches from 1966 to 1992, reaching up to 79 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Arecibo Sounding rocket launch site near world's largest radio telescope, known to have been used for 40 launches from 1966 to 1998, reaching up to 375 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Koroni Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 371 launches from 1966 to 1989, reaching up to 114 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Nissaki-Karystos Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 4 launches in 1966, reaching up to 140 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Resolute Bay Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 17 launches from 1966 to 1971, reaching up to 200 kilometers altitude. More...
  • El Arenosillo Spanish sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 335 launches from 1966 to 1994, reaching up to 700 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Cassino Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 27 launches in 1966, reaching up to 297 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Tartagal Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 16 launches in 1966, reaching up to 90 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Las Palmas Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 2 launches in 1966, reaching up to 274 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Yuma Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 16 launches in 1966, reaching up to 180 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Fort Sherman US Army base used for a series of NASA launches from January 1969 to November 1970. The sounding rocket launch location here was known to have been used for 1160 launches from 1966 to 1979, reaching up to 99 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Dumont d'Urville Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 4 launches from in 1967, reaching up to 340 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Eglin AFB Base for missile and rocket testing range over the Gulf of Mexico. Missile and sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 11 launches from 1967 to 1992, reaching up to 169 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Emba Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 4 launches from 1967 to 1970, reaching up to 250 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Mar Chiquita Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 69 launches from 1968 to 1976, reaching up to 430 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Primrose Lake Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 1299 launches from 1968 to 1991, reaching up to 81 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Cape Parry Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 18 launches from 1969 to 1982, reaching up to 662 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Gan Island Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 21 launches from 1969 to 1970, reaching up to 66 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Molodezhnaya Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 1104 launches from 1969 to 1990, reaching up to 108 kilometers altitude. More...
  • North Truro Nike-Hydac launch site located at North Truro Air Force Station on Cape Cod, used 1969-1970. More...
  • Harbin Military testing range. In use from 1967 to present. More...
  • Syowa Base Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 54 launches from 1970 to 1985, reaching up to 222 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Barter Island Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 3 launches in 1970, reaching up to 270 kilometers altitude. More...
  • East Quoddy Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 8 launches from 1970 to 1972, reaching up to 156 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Ryori Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 777 launches from 1970 to 2000, reaching up to 65 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Hall Beach Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 7 launches in 1971, reaching up to 270 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Sonde Stromfjord The Danish Meteorological Institute established this sounding rocket range in 1971. The site was located next to an airport at the end of the fjord and was only occupied during launch campaigns. The location was well-suited for observation of the Arctic aurora and ionosphere. Known to have been used for 31 launches from 1971 to 1987, reaching up to 816 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Gillam Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 2 launches from 1972 to 1973, reaching up to 200 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Villa Reynolds Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 2 launches in 1973, reaching up to 240 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Nouadhibou Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 1 launch in 1973, reaching up to 180 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Wake Island US Pacific test vehicle launch site. In use from 1974 for launches of re-entry test vehicles and anti-ballistic missile targets. Known to have been used for 18 launches from 1974 to 2004, reaching up to 500 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Chilca Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 34 launches from 1974 to 1983, reaching up to 742 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Lancelin Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 2 launches in 1974, reaching up to 320 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Eareckson Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 701 launches from 1975 to 1989, reaching up to 300 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Marambio Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 7 launches from 1975 to 1982, reaching up to 400 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Kapani Tonneo In December 1975 Otrag signed an agreement with the Congolese government to established a rocket range to test its low-cost rockets deep in the interior at Shaba (Katanga) province. The austere site included logistic support via antique British Argosy transports landing at a dirt strip on a plateau overlooking the jungle. Here a pad and gantry were erected and flight tests began in 1977. However Otrag's activities made the great powers nervous. The USSR was not interested in Germany achieving an indigenous long-range rocket activity. The government of the Congo was pressured by the USSR to withdraw permission to use the site. Otrag was thrown out of the country in April 1979. More...
  • Siple Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 11 launches from 1978 to 1981, reaching up to 211 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Red Lake Sounding rocket range, known to have been used for 23 launches in 1979, reaching up to 215 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Balasore Indian military testing range, known to have been used for at least 489 launches from 1979 to 2008, reaching up to 1000 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Southend Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 2 launches in 1980, reaching up to 156 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Jingyu Chinese ICBM missile test site. Not used for satellite launches to date. More...
  • Tawiwa Libyan rocket test range, 600 km south of Tripoli. Site of tests of Otrag's low cost launch vehicle from 1981 to 1982, reaching up to 150 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Okhotsk Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 27 launches from 1981 to 2005, reaching up to 1000 kilometers altitude. From 2009 offshore point used for launch of Volna SLBM's from submarines. More...
  • Punta Lobos Sounding rocket launch site. In use from 1980 to 1990. Known to have been used for 23 launches in 1983, reaching up to 590 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Marka Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 12 launches from 1983 to 1984, reaching up to 75 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Fort Yukon Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 1 launch in 1984, reaching up to 500 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Zingst A simple launch pad was set up at this East German firing range on the Baltic Sea for some of the last firings of the MMR-06 sounding rocket. Known to have been used for 62 launches from 1988 to 1992, reaching up to 79 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Haikou Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 5 launches from 1988 to 1991, reaching up to 120 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Cold Lake Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 18 launches in 1990, reaching up to 90 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Negev Military testing range, known to have been used for 3 launches from 1990 to 2000, reaching up to 100 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Qom Military testing range, located near this Iranian religious centre, known to have been used for one launch in 1991, reaching 200 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Chiha-ri Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 1 launch in 1991, reaching up to 200 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Santiago Ixcuintla Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 1 launch in 1991, reaching up to 90 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Hama-Allepo Syrian military testing range, known to have been used for 9 launches from 1992 to 2007, reaching up to 200 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Anhueng South Korean sounding rocket launch site, used from June 1993, known to have been used for 5 launches from 1993 to 2002, reaching up to 150 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Bigen Island Bigen Island, Aur Atoll, Marshall Islands, was a sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 2 launches in 1997, reaching up to 200 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Nevada Test Site Nuclear test site. Sounding rockets and test vehicles have been launched in support of US nuclear weapons development from the site since the 1950's. More...
  • Anna Plains Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 4 launches in 1997, reaching up to 300 kilometers altitude. More...
  • SvalRak Sounding rocket launch site, known to have been used for 41 launches from 1997 to 2004, reaching up to 1108 kilometers altitude. This launch site, on the arctic archipelago Svalbard, provides unique conditions for rocket studies of the dayside polar cusp, cleft and cap. The site is ideal for scientific exploration of the dayside aurora and processes in the magnetospheric boundary layer. More...
  • Rothera Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 26 launches in 1998, reaching up to 100 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Tilla Military testing range, known to have been used for 7 launches from 1998 to 2006, reaching up to 150 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Mojave Location of Scaled Composites flight test facility, and the first FAA-certified inland spaceport. It was used for 17 launches of the Tier One manned spaceplane from 2003 to 2004, reaching up to 112 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Jiu Peng AB Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 5 launches from 1998 to 2006, reaching up to 282 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Charlestown Sounding rocket launch site, used from 1965. One launch in 1991 reached 90 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Emamshahr Iranian military testing range. In use for flight test of the Shahab 3 IRBM from 1998. More...
  • Black Rock Desert Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 1 launch in 2004, reaching up to 116 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Chio He AFB At 2230 hours, 14 December 2004, Taiwan's National Space Organization launched Sounding Rocket-4 from Pingtung's Chio He Base, carrying out secondary orbital scientific experiments. The NSPO was responsible for planning this particular scientific experiment; it commissioned the sounding rocket made by the Chung Shan Institute of Science and Technology to serve as the carrier. The plan was implemented in cooperation with scientific teams from National Central University and National Cheng Kong University. More...
  • Spaceport America Spaceport America was conceived in the early 1990s by the Southwest Space Task Force, a private group of New Mexican space activists. Studies led them to concentrate on 70 square-km of state-owned land, 72 km north of Las Cruces, New Mexico, near a locale known as Upham. In 2003 the governor and state legislature were finally sold on the idea of developing the site as America's premiere inland commercial spaceport. More...
  • Blue Origin Blue Origin was founded and funded by billionaire Jeff Bezos, founder of amazon.com. Commercial space passenger service would be conducted from a private spaceport at the 165,000-acre Corn Ranch, 40 kilometers north of Van Horn, west Texas. The launch point would be 8 kilometers west of Highway 54. The spaceport included a vehicle processing facility, a launch complex, vehicle landing and recovery area, an astronaut training facility, lodging, and other support facilities. The launch pad covered 3,000 square meters; the landing pad would be located 6.1 km north of it. More...
  • NAMFI The NATO Missile Firing Installation is NATO's main Firing Range. It is located on the island of Crete, outside the town of Chania. More...
  • McMurdo McMurdo Station, Ross Ice Shelf, New Zealand Antarctic Territory More...

Home - Browse - Contact
© / Conditions for Use