Encyclopedia Astronautica
Scientist


Category of persons.

More... - Chronology...


Associated People
  • Ptolemy Ptolemy, Claudius (fl 127) Greek philosopher, theorized that the universe had the Earth at its center with the planets, Moon, Sun, and stars orbiting around it. This concept was dogma for 1500 years until Copernicus placed the sun at the center. Also catalogued 1,022 star More...
  • Copernicus Copernicus, Nicholas (1473-1543) Polish scientist. Developed and popularized the theory that the earth revolved around the sun. More...
  • Galileo Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) Italian scientist. Used the telescope for astronomy, proving Copernicus heliocentric system. Discovered cratered surface of moon, moons of Jupiter, and that Milky Way was made of stars. By experiment disproved Aristotlean physics concepts. More...
  • Kepler Kepler, Johannes (1571-1630) German scientist. Astronomer who derived the laws of planetary motion. More...
  • Digges Digges, Thomas (1576-1576) British astronomer and mathematician who modified Dante's medieval conceptions of the universe in his Description of the Caelestiall Orbes (1576), adopting a Copernican view that placed the Sun in the centre of the universe. More...
  • Newton Newton, Isaac (1642-1727) British scientist, single-handedly developed the principles and mathematical basis of physics. His work established the calculations necessary for celestial mechanics, the rocket engine, and other essential elements of space exploration. More...
  • Noordung Noordung, Herman (1892-1929) Slovenian Austrian Army Scientist. Wrote an early seminal book, Problem of Space Travel, focused on the engineering aspects of space stations. More...
  • Blagonravov Blagonravov, Anatoli Arkadyevich (1894-1975) Russian scientist. President, Academy Artillery Sciences 1946-1950, leading development of first Soviet sounding rockets. Soviet representative to UN COPUOS and negotiator with NASA on cooperative space projects in early 1960's. More...
  • Vinogradov, Aleksandr Vinogradov, Aleksandr Pavlovich (1895-1975) Russian scientist. Director of Institute of Chemical and Analytical Chemistry. Specialised in lunar sample analysis. More...
  • Bronk Bronk, Detlev W (1897-1975) American scientist, president of the National Academy of Sciences, 1950-1962, and a member of the National Aeronautics and Space Council. President of Johns Hopkins University, 1949-1953, and Rockefeller University, 1953-1968. More...
  • Nesmeyanov Nesmeyanov, Aleksandr Nikolayevich (1899-1980) Russian scientist. President of the Academy of Sciences 1951-1961. Approved the first satellite project. More...
  • Brode Brode, Wallace Reed (1900-1974) American scientist. Associate director of the National Bureau of Standards 1947-1958. More...
  • Kurchatov Kurchatov, Igor Vasilyevich (1903-1960) Russian scientist. Father of Soviet atomic bomb at KB-11. Managed development of first hydrogen bomb. Design coordinated with Korolev's design bureau for use on R-7 ICBM. More...
  • Sisakyan Sisakyan, Norair Martirosovich (1907-1966) Russian scientist. Early space medicine specialist at the Second Division of Biological Sciences under the Academy of Sciences. More...
  • Sedov Sedov, Leonid Ivanovich (1907-) Russian scientist. Chaired the Commission for Promotion of Interplanetary Flights. Public spokesman for the Soviet space program. More...
  • Khristianovich Khristianovich, Sergei Aleksandrovich (1908-) Russian scientist. Specialised in ICBMs at TsAGI 1942-1953 From 1953 worked at the Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics. More...
  • Brodie Brodie, Bernard (1910-1978) American scientist. Political scientist, specialized in Cold War strategy, member of Rand. More...
  • Vernov Vernov, Sergei Nikolayevich (1910-1982) Russian scientist. Director of NII-Yash of Moscow State University 1960-1982. Specialised in science experiments. More...
  • Petrov, Georgi Petrov, Georgi Ivanovich (1912-1987) Russian scientist. Director of Institute of Space Research 1965-1973. Conducted aerodynamic research at NII-1 before being named Director. More...
  • Ishlinskiy Ishlinskiy, Aleksandr Yulevich (1913-) Russian scientist. Director of Institute of Mechanics 1964-1989. Prepared space communiqués. More...
  • Struminskiy Struminskiy, Vladimir Vasilyevich (1914-) Russian scientist. Director of Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics 1966-1971. Specialised in liquid hydrogen. More...
  • Wiesner Wiesner, Jerome B (1915-1994) American scientist. Physicist, gadfly, science advisor to Presidents Eisenhower and Kennedy; opposed human spaceflight, the Apollo program, and the lunar orbit rendezvous method of lunar landing. More...
  • Odishaw Odishaw, Hubert 'Hugh' (1916-1984) American scientist, executive director of the US National Committee for the International Geophysical Year, 1954-1965 More...
  • Summerfield Summerfield, Martin (1916-1996) American scientist. Early American rocket pioneer; co-founder of Aerojet in 1943; American inventor of regenerative cooling for liquid rocket engines. Left in 1944 for theoretical studies and academia, teaching at Princetone 1949-1994. More...
  • Davies Davies, Merton E (1917-2001) American scientist, worked for Douglas 1940-1948 and then RAND. Conceptual work on reconnaisance satellites led to the Corona program. Involved at JPL in early Mars imaging missions, establishing the reference systems for other planets. More...
  • Frutkin Frutkin, Arnold W (1918-) American scientist. Deputy Director, US IGY Committee, 1956-1958. NASA senior negotiator for international space agreements, 1959-1979. More...
  • Avduyevskiy Avduyevskiy, Vsevolod Sergeyevich (1920-) Russian scientist. First Deputy Director of TsNIIMash 1973-1987. Scientist at NII-1 1953-1973. More...
  • Okhotsimskiy Okhotsimskiy, Dmitri Yevgenyevich (1921-) Russian scientist. Scientist at OPM MIAN. Conducted research work on an early ICBM. More...
  • Badgley Badgley, Peter (1925-) American scientist. NASA Chief of the Earth Resources Survey Program and Chief of Advanced Missions, Manned Space Science Program, in the 1960's. More...
  • Yershov Yershov, Valentin Gavriyilovich (1928-1998) Russian scientist cosmonaut, 1967-1974. More...
  • Garriott Garriott, Dr Owen Kay (1930-) American scientist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on Skylab 3, STS-9. More...
  • Drew, Russell Drew, Russell C (1931-) American scientist. Important figure in management of the Polaris and Poseidon programs, 1953-1973. More...
  • Kolomiytsev Kolomiytsev, Ordinard Panteleymonovich (1933-) Russian scientist cosmonaut, 1967-1968. More...
  • Michel Michel, Dr Frank Curtis 'Curt' (1934-) American scientist astronaut, 1965-1969. More...
  • Gulyayev, Rudolf Gulyayev, Rudolf Alekseyevich (1934-) Russian scientist cosmonaut, 1967-1968. Scientist, Institute of Terrastrial Magnetism & Radiowaves of AN. Cosmonaut training May 1967 - August 1968. Left cosmonaut team for medical reasons. Worked as a research scientist at IZMIRAN. More...
  • Chapman Chapman, Philip Kenyon (1935-) Australian scientist astronaut, 1967-1972. More...
  • Deutch Deutch, John (1938-) American scientist, served as Deputy Secretary of Defense from 1994-199; Director of Central Intelligence from 1995-1997. Doctorate from MIT and also served as that school's dean of science and provost. More...
  • Fatkullin Fatkullin, Mars Nurgaliyevich (1939-2003) Russian scientist cosmonaut, 1967-1970. More...
  • O Leary O Leary, Brian Todd (1940-) American scientist astronaut, 1967-1968. More...
  • Olsen Olsen, Gregory Hammond 'Greg' (1945-) American scientist cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EP-9. Space tourist More...
  • Ivanova Ivanova, Yekaterina Aleksandrowna (1949-) Russian scientist cosmonaut, 1983-1994. More...
  • Loktionov Loktionov, Yuri Alekseyevich (1950-) Russian scientist cosmonaut, 2000-on. More...
  • Latysheva Latysheva, Irina Dmitriyevna (1953-) Russian scientist cosmonaut, 1980-1993. More...
  • Moskalyov Moskalyov, Oleg Borisovich Russian scientist cosmonaut candidate, 1964. Scientist. Selected as cosmonaut in early May 1964, but on 28 May 1964 the selection was rejected by the government commission. More...
  • Feustel Feustel, Andrew Jay 'Drew' (1965-) American scientist mission specialist astronaut, 2000-on. Flew on STS-134. More...
  • Meytarchan Meytarchan, Vyacheslav Georgyevich (1965-) Ukrainian scientist cosmonaut, 1996-1996. More...
  • Bei Shizhang Bei Shizhang Chinese scientist. Bei Shizhang, Manager of the Institute of Biophysics of the Chinese Academy of Science, was one of three senior scientists that formulated the plans for China's first manned spacecraft in April 1966. More...
  • Boggess Boggess, Nancy Weber American scientist. Worked at NASA on IRAS and COBE infrared satellites. More...
  • Nyberg Nyberg, Karen Lujean (1969-) American scientist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-124. Engineer. More...
  • Briggs Briggs, Geoffrey A American scientist. Led Mars imaging teams for JPL Mariner and Viking missions 1969-1977. Deputy Director and Director, NASA HQ Solar System Exploration Division 1977-1990. Scientific Director, Ames Center for Mars Exploration, 1992-1997. More...
  • Adamchuk Adamchuk, Nadezhda Ivanyeva (1970-) Ukrainian scientist cosmonaut, 1996-1996. Botanist. More...
  • McArthur, Megan McArthur, Katherine Megan (1971-) American scientist mission specialist astronaut, 2000-on. More...
  • Ko San Ko San (1976-) Korean scientist cosmonaut, 2006-2008. More...
  • Ouyang Ziyuan Ouyang Ziyuan Chinese geochemist. Leading Chinese authority on extraterrestrial material. More...

Home - Browse - Contact
© / Conditions for Use