At the end of the 1960's General Designer V P Efremov at Antey began development of the mobile, multiple-target, universal integrated surface-to-air missile system S-300V. This was to be capable of hitting aircraft of whatever type as well as the re-entry vehicles of tactical ballistic missiles. Following protracted development the system was accepted by the Soviet surface forces in 1985. The system used the 9A83-1 universal mobile self-propelled launcher chassis, developed by N S Popov at KB-3 of the Kirov Factory. This was a highly mobile self-contained vehicle, with its own electrical generators, living quarters, and radio communications. Two missiles were developed by EMKB Novator for launch by the system. The 9M82 had a mass of 4.6 tonnes and could reach 2400 m/s, while the 9M83 weighed 2.5 tonnes and could reach 1700 m/s. Both were two stage vehicles, with inertial guidance systems and semi-active radar homing systems for terminal homing. The system could track 24 targets simultaneously.
Radars: 9S15MT Obzor-3 Bill Board A target acquisition radar, F band, range 250 km. 9S19 Imbir High Screen target acquisition radar, band, range 175 km. 9S32 Grill Pan target tracking radar, range 175 km.