Encyclopedia Astronautica
Physician


Category of persons.

More... - Chronology...


Associated People
  • Lobedinskiy Lobedinskiy, Andrei Vladimirovich (1902-1965) Russian physician. First Director of IMBP 1963-1965 An early space medicine pioneer. More...
  • Parin Parin, Vasili Vasilyevich (1903-1971) Russian physician. Director of IMBP 1965-1969. A leading space medicine specialist. More...
  • Shen Qizhen Shen Qizhen (1906-1993) Chinese PLA Physician. Chairman of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, one of three senior scientists that laid out plans for the first Chinese manned spacecraft in April 1966. More...
  • Petrovskiy Petrovskiy, Boris Vasilyevich (1908-) Russian physician. Minister of Health from 1965 to 1980. Operated on Korolev. More...
  • Phoebus Phoebus, Clifford P (1910-1984) American naval aviator, flight surgeon and medical corps officer who rose to the rank of captain in 1953 and was commander of the U.S. Naval School of Aviation Medicine in Pensacola, Florida, from 1960-1964. More...
  • Stapp Stapp, John Paul (1910-1999) American USAF flight surgeon. In 1946-1958 pioneer research with rocket sleds and balloons; defined human tolerances for G-forces, altitude, and blast, essential data for design of aerospacecraft. Personally underwent the most grueling tests. More...
  • Yazdovskiy Yazdovskiy, Vladimir Ivanovich (1913-) Russian physician. Deputy Director of Institute of Aviation and Space Medicine. Space medicine pioneer. More...
  • Haber Haber, Heinz (1913-1990) German expert in aero-medicine during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Heidelberg (American Zone of Occupation). Later moved to America and becaeme an astrophysicist and popular writer on the prospects for spaceflight. More...
  • Kety Kety, Seymour S (1915-2000) American physician, chair of NASA's bioscience advisory committee in 1959. More...
  • Nagel, Dr Nagel Dr German Physician. Captain, Military, German expert in biological warfare during World War II. More...
  • Kemper Kemper, J German Physician. Captain, Military, German expert in biological warfare during World War II. More...
  • Gurovskiy Gurovskiy, Nikolai Nikolayevich Russian physician. Deputy Director of IMBP. Began as physician at the Institute of Aviation and Space Medicine. More...
  • Gazenko Gazenko, Oleg Georgyevich (1918-) Russian physician. Director of IMBP 1969-1988. Performed early work on space medicine. More...
  • Freedman Freedman, Toby (1924-) American physician. Human factors physiologist at North American, proved feasibilty of Apollo three-crew cabin. More...
  • Lazarev Lazarev, Vasili Grigoryevich (1928-1990) Russian physician cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 12, Soyuz 18-1. Survived first manned spaceflight abort during launch. More...
  • Thornton, Bill Thornton, Dr William Edgar 'Bill' (1929-) American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-8, STS-51-B. More...
  • Philips, Robert Philips, Dr Robert Ward (1929-) American physician payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1991. More...
  • Graveline Graveline, Duane Edgar (1931-) American physician astronaut, 1965-1965. More...
  • Sorokin Sorokin, Dr Aleksey Vasilyevich (1931-1976) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1964-1964. Soviet Air Force Physician. On the staff of the cosmonaut training center, working in the field of aerospace medicine.Later head of department at several scientific institutes. More...
  • Kerwin Kerwin, Dr Joseph Peter (1932-) American physician astronaut. Flew on Skylab 2. Member of first successful space station mission. More...
  • Degtyarov Degtyarov, Dr Vladimir Aleksandrovich (1932-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1965-1966. More...
  • Smirenny Smirenny, Dr Lev Nikolayevich (1932-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1972-1986. Medical Doctor. Graduated from Moscow Physical-Engineering Institute, 1956. Civilian Physician, Institute of Biological Medical Problems. Chief of a laboratory at IMBP. More...
  • Musgrave Musgrave, Dr Franklin Story (1935-) American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-6, STS-51-F, STS-33, STS-44, STS-61, STS-80. Flew in space six times. More...
  • Senkevich Senkevich, Dr Yuri Aleksandrovich (1937-2003) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1965-1966. More...
  • Illyin Illyin, Dr Yevgeni Aleksandrovich (1937-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1965-1966. More...
  • Machinski Machinski, Dr Georgi Vladimirovich (1937-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1972-1974. Worked at the IMBP in Moscow. Left cosmonaut group for medical reasons after being injured in an automobile accident. He resumed work at the IMBP, reaching the position of senior-scientist. More...
  • Yegorov Yegorov, Dr Boris Borisovich (1937-1994) Russian physician cosmonaut. Flew on Voskhod 1. First physician in space. More...
  • Holmquest Holmquest, Dr Donald Lee (1939-) American physician astronaut, 1967-1971. More...
  • Polyakov Polyakov, Dr Valeri Vladimirovich (1942-) Russian physician cosmonaut. Flew on Mir LD-2, Mir LD-4. Longest single space flight (437 days). 678 cumulative days in space. Civilian Physician, Institute of Medical Biological Problems. More...
  • Thagard Thagard, Dr Norman Earl 'Norm' (1943-) American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-7, STS-51-B, STS-30, STS-42, Mir EO-18. First American to fly aboard a Russian spacecraft. Grew up in Jacksonville, Florida. More...
  • Bondar Bondar, Roberta Lynn (1945-) Canadian physician payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-42. Neurologist. First Canadian female astronaut. IML-1 payload specialist. More...
  • Arzamazov Arzamazov, Dr Gherman Semyonovich (1946-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1978-1995. Civilian Physician, Institute of Medical Biological Problems. More...
  • Fisher, William Fisher, Dr William Frederick (1946-) American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-I. Was married to astronaut Anna Fisher. More...
  • Gaffney Gaffney, Dr Francis Andrew 'Drew' (1946-) American physician payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-40. More...
  • Pozharskaya Pozharskaya, Dr Larisa Grigoryevna (1947-2002) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1980-1993. More...
  • Carter Carter, Dr Manley Lanier Jr 'Sonny' (1947-1991) American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-33. Grew up in Warner Robins, Georgia. Died in the crash of a commercial airliner while on NASA business travel. More...
  • Dobrokvashina Dobrokvashina, Dr Yelena Ivanovna (1947-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1980-1993. Civilian Physician, Institute of Biological Medical Problems. Cosmonaut training October 1979 - July 1980. Returned to work at the IMBP. More...
  • Seddon Seddon, Dr Margaret Rhea (1947-) American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-D, STS-40, STS-58. Physician. Was married to astronaut Robert Lee (Hoot) Gibson. More...
  • Gross, E Gross, E German SS Physician. Major, SS Medical Corps, German expert in biological warfare during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Wesselstedt. More...
  • Herrmann, Paul Herrmann, Paul German engineer during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Aero Medicine Center, Heidelberg. More...
  • Prast Prast, J German expert in aero medicine during World War II. As of January 1947, working in Heidelberg (American Zone of Occupation). More...
  • Strughold Strughold, Hubertus German expert in aero medicine during World War II. As of January 1947, working in Heidelberg (American Zone of Occupation). More...
  • Seeler Seeler, H German expert in aero medicine during World War II. As of January 1947, working in Heidelberg (American Zone of Occupation). More...
  • Atkov Atkov, Dr Oleg Yuryevich (1949-) Russian physician cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EO-3. More...
  • Fisher Fisher, Dr Anna Lee Tingle (1949-) American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-A. First mother in space. Was married to astronaut William Fisher. Took extended leave 1989 to 1996 to raise family. More...
  • Morukov Morukov, Dr Boris Vladimirovich (1950-) Russian physician cosmonaut. Flew on STS-106. Civilian Physician, Institute of Medical Biological Problems More...
  • Brady Brady, Charles Eldon Jr (1951-2006) American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-78. More...
  • Bagian Bagian, Dr James Philip 'Jim' (1952-) American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-29, STS-40. More...
  • Mukai Mukai, Chiaki (1952-) Japanese physician payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-65, STS-95. Surgeon, first Japanese female astronaut. More...
  • Morin Morin, Lee Miller Emile (1952-) American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-110. More...
  • Potapov Potapov, Dr Mikhail Georgiyevich (1952-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1978-1985. Civilian Physician, Institute of Medical Biological Problems. Cosmonaut training October 1979 - July 1980. Later Chief of Laboratory 174 at IMBP. More...
  • Zakharova Zakharova, Dr Tamara Sergeyevna (1952-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1980-1995. Was married to cosmonaut Yuri Sheffer. More...
  • Borodin Borodin, Dr Aleksandr Viktorovich (1953-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1978-1993. Civilian Physician, Institute of Medical Biological Problems. Cosmonaut training from October 1979 - July 1980. Worked again at IMBP. More...
  • Baker Baker, Ellen Louise Shulman (1953-) Jewish-American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-34, STS-50, STS-71. Physician. More...
  • Thirsk Thirsk, Dr Robert Brent (1953-) Canadian physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-78,ISS EO-20. More...
  • Klyushnikova Klyushnikova, Dr Olga Nikolayevna (1953-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1979-1986. Civilian Physician, Institute of Medical Biological Problems. Cosmonaut training from October 1979 - July 1980. Did not complete training, when the government commission did not confirm his selection. More...
  • Barry Barry, Dr Daniel Thomas (1953-) American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-72, STS-96, STS-105. More...
  • Williams, Dave Williams, Dr Dafydd Rhys 'Dave' (1954-) Canadian physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-90, STS-118. More...
  • Amelkina Amelkina, Dr Galina Vasilyevna (1954-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1980-1983. More...
  • Linenger Linenger, Dr Jerry Michael (1955-) American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-64, Mir NASA-3. More...
  • Taccino Taccino, Roberto Maria (1955-) Italian physician payload specialist astronaut, 1990-1993. Professor. Selected by the Italian Space Agency (ASI) as one of the five Italian astronaut candidates for a European Space Agency (ESA) astronaut selection. More...
  • Brown, David Brown, David McDowell (1956-2003) American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-107. Perished in Columbia shuttle disintegration during re-entry. More...
  • Buckey Buckey, Jay Clark Jr (1956-) American physician payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-90. Active Paylaod Specialist Trainee for Shuttle STS-90 Neurolab Mission;he had been Alternate Payload Specialist for STS-58 Mission SLS-2. More...
  • Harris Harris, Dr Bernard Andrew Jr (1956-) African-American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-55, STS-63. First African-American to walk in space. More...
  • Wolf Wolf, Dr David Alexander 'Bluto' (1956-) Jewish-American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-58, Mir NASA-5, STS-112, STS-127. More...
  • Jemison Jemison, Dr Mae Carol (1956-) African-American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-47. Physician. First African-American woman to fly in space. More...
  • Urbani Urbani, Luca (1957-) Italian physician payload specialist astronaut, 1995-1996. Alternate Payload Specialist for STS-78 Mission LMS-1. Italian Air Force. More...
  • Lukyanyuk Lukyanyuk, Dr Vasili Yuryevich (1958-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1989-2003. More...
  • Patat Patat, Frederic (1958-) French physician payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1998. Degree in Acoustic Physics from the University of Paris (1981). Ph.D. in engineering (1984). Doctorate of medicine, 1991. Worked at the medical faculty of the University of Tours. More...
  • Barratt Barratt, Michael Reed (1959-) American physician mission specialist astronaut, 2000-on. More...
  • Cagle Cagle, Yvonne Darlene (1959-) African-American physician mission specialist astronaut, 1996-on. More...
  • Walpot Walpot, Heike (1960-) German physician payload specialist astronaut, 1987-1993. More...
  • Dunlap Dunlap, Dr Alexander William (1960-) American physician payload specialist astronaut, 1996-1998. Candidate specialist for STS-90 Neurolab. More...
  • Marshburn Marshburn, Thomas Henry 'Tom' (1960-) American physician mission specialist astronaut, 2004-on. More...
  • Merchez Merchez, Marianne (1960-) Belgian physician cosmonaut, 1992-1995. Was married to astronaut Maurizio Cheli. More...
  • Clark Clark, Laurel Blair Salton (1961-2003) American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-107. Physician. Perished in Columbia shuttle disintegration during re-entry. More...
  • De Winne De Winne, Frank (1961-) Belgian physician astronaut. Flew on ISS EP-4, ISS EO-20. More...
  • Parazynski Parazynski, Dr Scott Edward (1961-) American physician mission specialist astronaut, 1992-2009. Flew on STS-66, STS-86, STS-95, STS-100, STS-120. More...
  • Karashtin Karashtin, Dr Vladimir Vladimirovich (1962-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1989-2002. More...
  • Hilliard Robertson, Patricia Consolatrix nee Hilliard (1963-2001) American physician mission specialist astronaut, 1998-2001. More...
  • Furukawa Furukawa, Satoshi (1964-) Japanese physician mission specialist astronaut, 1999-on. Underwent cosmonaut training in Russia, then Astronaut training in USA. Flew on ISS EO-28. More...
  • Voskresensky Voskresensky Russian physician cosmonaut, 1964-1964. Medical doctor. Selected as a cosmonaut in early May 1964, but the selection was never confirmed by the government commission. More...
  • Yaroshenko Yaroshenko, Georgi L Russian physician cosmonaut candidate, 1964. Medical doctor. Selected as a cosmonaut in early May 1964, but on 26 May 1964 the selection was rejected by the government commission. More...
  • Ivanov, I Ivanov, Igor S Russian physician cosmonaut candidate, 1964. Medical doctor. Selected as a cosmonaut, but on 26 May 1964 the selection was rejected by the government commission. More...
  • Kotov Kotov, Oleg Valeriyevich (1965-) Russian physician cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EO-15, ISS EO-22. MD from Moscow Sergei M. Kirov Military Medicine Academy, 1980 . Russian Air Force. Worked in the TsPK, medical department. Cosmonaut training 3 June 1996 - 18 March 1998. More...
  • Muszaphar Muszaphar, Dr Sheikh (1972-) Malaysian physician cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EP-13. First Malaysian in space. More...
  • Ryazansky Ryazansky, Sergei Nikolayevich (1974-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 2003-on. Worked at IMBP, in the post of senior scientific researcher at the "Sensomotornoy, Fiziology i Profilaktiky" department. Cosmonaut training 16 June 2003 - 27 June 2005. More...
  • Khaleed bin Khaleed, Dr Faiz (1980-) Malaysian physician cosmonaut, 2006-2007. Backup to first Malaysian in space. More...

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