Encyclopedia Astronautica
M-V



mv1b.jpg
MV-1B
Credit: NASDA
All-solid Japanese satellite launch vehicle.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Spacecraft
  • Haruka Japanese radio astronomy satellite. One launch, 1997.02.12. The Muses B satellite was renamed 'Haruka', meaning 'Far-away', after launch. It formed the spacesegment of the VLBI Space Observatory Program. More...
  • ASTRO E Japanese x-ray astronomy satellite. 2 launches, 2000.02.10 (ASTRO E) and 2005.07.10 (Suzaku). ASTRO-E was to be fifth in a series of Japanese astronomy satellites devoted to observations of celestial X-ray sources. More...
  • Akari Japanese infrared astronomy satellite. One launch, 2006.02.21, Astro F (Akari). Carried a 0.67m-diameter liquid-helium-cooled infrared telescope with detectors ranging from the near infrared to 60 and 170 micron channels in the far IR. More...
  • Cute Japanese technology satellite. 2 launches, 2006.02.21 (Cute 1.7) and 2008.04.28 (Cute-1.7-APD-II). Student subsatellites. More...
  • Hinode Japanese solar satellite. One launch, 2006.09.22. Solar satellite with a large optical telescope and an X-ray telescope built by the Smithsonian Observatory. More...
  • Hitsat Japanese technology satellite. One launch, 2006.09.22, SSSat. More...
  • SSSat Japanese technology satellite. One launch, 2006.09.22. Solar sail experiment. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • M-V All-solid Japanese satellite launch vehicle. More...
  • M-V KM Japanese all-solid orbital launch vehicle. Four stage version consisting of 1 x M-14 + 1 x M-24 + 1 x M-34 + 1 x KM-V1 More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Kagoshima Japanese launch center for solid fueled sounding rockets and satellite launchers. Limited to two months a year due to disturbance of local fisheries. More...

M-V Chronology


1997 February 12 - . 04:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M-V. LV Family: M-V. Launch Vehicle: M-V. LV Configuration: M-V M-V-1.
  • Haruka - . Payload: MUSES B. Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Manufacturer: NEC. Program: Muses. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: Haruka. USAF Sat Cat: 24720 . COSPAR: 1997-005A. Apogee: 21,415 km (13,306 mi). Perigee: 569 km (353 mi). Inclination: 31.4000 deg. Period: 379.30 min.

1998 July 3 - . 18:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M-V. LV Family: M-V. Launch Vehicle: M-V. LV Configuration: M-V M-V-3.
  • Nozomi - . Mass: 258 kg (568 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Manufacturer: NEC. Class: Mars. Type: Mars probe. Spacecraft: Nozomi. USAF Sat Cat: 25383 . COSPAR: 1998-041A. Apogee: 489,381 km (304,086 mi). Perigee: 703 km (436 mi). Inclination: 27.3000 deg. Period: 20,910.00 min. Originally known as Planet-B; renamed Nozomi ('Hope') after launch. The third stage and payload entered a 146 x 417 km x 31.1 deg parking orbit. The KM-V1 kick (fourth) stage then fired to place the spacecraft into a circumlunar 359 x 401491 km x 28.6 deg orbit. Nozomi made multiple lunar and Earth gravity assist passes to increase its energy for solar orbit insertion and the cruise to Mars.. The spacecraft used a lunar swingby on 24 September and another on 18 December 1998 to increase the apogee of its orbit. It swung by Earth on 20 December at a perigee of about 1000 km. The gravitational assist from the swingby coupled with a 7 minute burn of the bipropellant engine put Nozomi into an escape trajectory towards Mars. It was scheduled to arrive at Mars on 11 October 1999 at 7:45:14 GMT, but the Earth swingby left the spacecraft with insufficient acceleration and two course correction burns on 21 December used more propellant than planned, leaving the spacecraft short of fuel. The new plan is for Nozomi to remain in heliocentric orbit for an additional four years and encounter Mars at a slower relative velocity in December 2003.

2000 February 10 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M-V. LV Family: M-V. Launch Vehicle: M-V. LV Configuration: M-V M-V-4. FAILURE: First stage failure. An anomalous vibration was detected 25 seconds after launch. At 41 seconds ceramic heat shields in the first stage nozzle broke and fell off, and thrust vector control on the nozzle was lost.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Astro E - . Mass: 1,680 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Program: Astro. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: ASTRO E. COSPAR: F000210A. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Spacecraft was injected in very low perigee orbit and reentered. X-ray astronomy satellite. Stage 1 lost control, and separated with the rocket off-course at 75 seconds in the flight. Stage 2 burned correctly and separated at 218 seconds, followed by the third stage burn at 621 seconds. Last signals were received at 20 minutes after launch. ASTRO-E was to have separated from the third stage at 23 minutes, but ended in an orbit with a perigee of only 80 km and an apogee of 410 km. It probably reentered on the first orbit at around 0230 - 0300 GMT somewhere between East Africa and western China.

2003 May 9 - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M-V. LV Family: M-V. Launch Vehicle: M-V. LV Configuration: M-V-1 M-V-5.
  • Hayabusa - . Payload: MUSES-C. Mass: 500 kg (1,100 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Class: Asteroids. Type: Asteroid probe. Spacecraft: Hayabusa. Decay Date: 2010-06-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 27809 . COSPAR: 2003-019A. Summary: Asteroid sample return probe launched toward asteroid 1998 SF36. Launch delayed from Nov. 24, 2002, then May 5, 2003..

2005 July 10 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M-V. LV Family: M-V. Launch Vehicle: M-V. LV Configuration: M-V-1 M-V-6.
  • Suzaku - . Payload: Astro E2. Mass: 1,680 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Manufacturer: Toshiba. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: ASTRO E. USAF Sat Cat: 28773 . COSPAR: 2005-025A. Apogee: 573 km (356 mi). Perigee: 562 km (349 mi). Inclination: 31.4000 deg. Period: 96.00 min. Delayed from February, June 26, July 6 and 8, 2005. CUTE-1.7 nanosat mistakenly reported on this flight. Astro-E2 was renamed Suzaku (after a legendary red bird) after launch. It replaced the Astro-E, which never reached orbit due to an M-V-4 launch failure in 2000. The satellite had five 0.4-meter diameter X-ray telescopes, one with an XRS microcalorimeter and the other four with X-ray CCD cameras. However it was revealed that the XRS failed on 9 August due to leaking of helium coolant.

2006 February 21 - . 21:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M-V. LV Family: M-V. Launch Vehicle: M-V. LV Configuration: M-V-1 M-V-8.
  • Astro F (Akari) - . Mass: 960 kg (2,110 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Manufacturer: Toshiba. Program: Astro. Class: Astronomy. Type: Infrared astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: Akari. USAF Sat Cat: 28939 . COSPAR: 2006-005A. Apogee: 719 km (446 mi). Perigee: 705 km (438 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 99.00 min. Summary: Carried a 0.67m-diameter liquid-helium-cooled infrared telescope with detectors ranging from the near infrared to 60 and 170 micron channels in the far IR. It was to carry out the first far infrared sky survey since IRAS in 1983..
  • Cute 1.7 - . Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Manufacturer: TIT. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cute. Decay Date: 2009-10-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 28941 . COSPAR: 2006-005C. Apogee: 685 km (425 mi). Perigee: 297 km (184 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 94.40 min. Summary: Student subsatellite ejected from the M-V-8 third stage at 21:45 GMT..

2006 September 22 - . 21:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M-V. LV Family: M-V. Launch Vehicle: M-V. LV Configuration: M-V-1 M-V-7.
  • Hinode (Solar B) - . Mass: 870 kg (1,910 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Manufacturer: Melco. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: Hinode. USAF Sat Cat: 29479 . COSPAR: 2006-041A. Apogee: 695 km (431 mi). Perigee: 674 km (418 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.50 min. Summary: Solar satellite with a large optical telescope and an X-ray telescope built by the Smithsonian Observatory..
  • Hitsat - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Japan. Manufacturer: Hokkaido. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Hitsat. Decay Date: 2008-06-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 29484 . COSPAR: 2006-041F. Apogee: 659 km (409 mi). Perigee: 279 km (173 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 94.00 min.
  • SSSat - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SSSat. Decay Date: 2008-06-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 29484 . COSPAR: 2006-041D. Apogee: 659 km (409 mi). Perigee: 279 km (173 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 94.00 min. Summary: Solar sail experiment..

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