Encyclopedia Astronautica
Cosmonaut


Category of persons who have been trained for spaceflight in Russia.

More... - Chronology...


Associated People
  • Anokhin Anokhin, Sergei Nikolayevich (1910-1986) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1966-1968. More...
  • Beregovoi Beregovoi, Georgi Timofeyevich (1921-1995) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 3. More...
  • Benderov Benderov, Vladimir Nikolayevich (1924-1973) Russian test pilot. Graduated from the Zhukovsky, 1950. Worked as an engineer and senior test pilot for Tupolev. Flew MiG-21 Tu-144 wing testbed. Proposed on 1964.06.29 as cosmonaut for Voskhod flights, but not confirmed. Died in the crash of a Tu-144 supersonic transport during an aviation demonstration at the 1973 Paris Airshow in Le Bourget. More...
  • Belyayev Belyayev, Pavel Ivanovich (1925-1970) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Voskhod 2. More...
  • Sidorenko Sidorenko, Valentin I (1926-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1962-1963. Pilot, Soviet Air Force. Selected as a cosmonaut on 3 December 1962, but on 8 January 1963 and again on 13 December 1963 the government commission refused to approve the appointment. More...
  • Demin Demin, Lev Stepanovich (1926-1998) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 15. More...
  • Feoktistov Feoktistov, Konstantin Petrovich (1926-2009) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Voskhod 1. First spacecraft designer in space. More...
  • Katys Katys, Georgiy Petrovich (1926-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1964-1972. More...
  • Letunov Letunov, Yuri Aleksandrovich (1926-1983) Russian journalist cosmonaut, 1965-1966. More...
  • Komarov Komarov, Vladimir Mikhailovich (1927-1967) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Voskhod 1, Soyuz 1. First person to die during spaceflight when the parachute lines of Soyuz 1 tangled and it crashed to earth. Cosmonaut training March 1960 - 3 April 1961. Call sign: Rubin (Ruby). More...
  • Matinchenko Matinchenko, Aleksandr Nikolayevich (1927-1999) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1963-1972. More...
  • Shatalov Shatalov, Vladimir Aleksandrovich (1927-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 4, Soyuz 8, Soyuz 10. Made first Soviet space docking. More...
  • Yershov Yershov, Valentin Gavriyilovich (1928-1998) Russian scientist cosmonaut, 1967-1974. More...
  • Lazarev Lazarev, Vasili Grigoryevich (1928-1990) Russian physician cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 12, Soyuz 18-1. Survived first manned spaceflight abort during launch. More...
  • Filipchenko Filipchenko, Anatoli Vassilyevich (1928-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 7, Soyuz 16. More...
  • Dobrovolsky Dobrovolsky, Georgi Timofeyevich (1928-1971) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 11. Member of first crew to stay aboard a space station, however perished during landing. More...
  • Nikolayev Nikolayev, Andrian Grigoryevich (1929-2004) Chuvash-Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Vostok 3, Soyuz 9. First person to fly more than one day in space. Married Valentina Tereshkova, and fathered first child born to parents that had both flown in space. More...
  • Filatyev Filatyev, Valentin Ignatyevich (1930-1990) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1963. More...
  • Artyukhin Artyukhin, Yuri Petrovich (1930-1998) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 14. Member of first military space station mission. More...
  • Yazdovsky Yazdovsky, Valeri Aleksandrovich (1930-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1968-1982. More...
  • Voronov Voronov, Anatoli Fyodorovich (1930-1993) Russian navigator cosmonaut, 1963-1979. More...
  • Belousov Belousov, Boris Nikolayevich (1930-1998) Belarusian engineer cosmonaut, 1965-1968. More...
  • Kolodin Kolodin, Pyotr Ivanovich (1930-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1963-1983. More...
  • Popovich Popovich, Pavel Romanovich (1930-2009) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Vostok 4, Soyuz 14. Commander of first military space station mission. More...
  • Vorobyov Vorobyov, Lev Vasilyevich (1931-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1963-1974. More...
  • Gubarev Gubarev, Aleksey Aleksandrovich (1931-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 17, Salyut 6 EP-2. More...
  • Sorokin Sorokin, Dr Aleksey Vasilyevich (1931-1976) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1964-1964. Soviet Air Force Physician. On the staff of the cosmonaut training center, working in the field of aerospace medicine.Later head of department at several scientific institutes. More...
  • Grechko Grechko, Georgi Mikhailovich (1931-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 17, Salyut 6 EO-1, Salyut 7 EP-5. More...
  • Rebrov Rebrov, Mikhail Fedorovich (1931-1998) Russian journalist cosmonaut, 1965-1974. More...
  • Pitskhelauri Pitskhelauri, Lado Vladimirovich (1932-) Russian engineer cosmonaut candidate, 1965. Was married to cosmonaut Tatiyana Kuznetsova.. Engineer, Soviet Air Force. Selected as a cosmonaut in August 1965, but on 23 October 1965 the selection was nullified by a government commission. More...
  • Kuklin Kuklin, Anatoli Petrovich (1932-2006) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1963-1975. Left cosmonaut corps for medical reasons (heart problems) in July 1975 . Worked on the General Staff of the Soviet Air Force until retirement in 1987. More...
  • Ponomaryov Ponomaryov, Yuri Anatolyevich (1932-2005) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1972-1983. Was married to astronaut Valentina Ponomaryova. More...
  • Degtyarov Degtyarov, Dr Vladimir Aleksandrovich (1932-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1965-1966. More...
  • Porvatkin Porvatkin, Nikolai Stepanovich (1932-2009) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1967-1983. Graduated from Technical Air Force School, 1952. Graduated from Zhukovsky Air Force Engineering Academy, Monino, 1960. Cosmonaut training May 1967 - 18 August 1967. Worked at NPO Energia. More...
  • Zaikin Zaikin, Dmitri Alekseyevich (1932-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1969. More...
  • Golovanov Golovanov, Yaroslav Kirillovich (1932-2003) Russian journalist cosmonaut, 1965-1967. More...
  • Kartashov Kartashov, Anatoli Yakovlevich (1932-2005) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1961. More...
  • Burdayev Burdayev, Mikhail Nikolayevich (1932-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1967-1983. Graduated from Air Force Engineering Academy, doctorate degree, 1987. Cosmonaut training from May 1967 - 18 August 1969. Worked as trainer at the Gagarin Center. Professor in space ballistics from 1994. More...
  • Rukavishnikov Rukavishnikov, Nikolai Nikolayevich (1932-2002) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 10, Soyuz 16, Salyut 6 EP-5-1. More...
  • Smirenny Smirenny, Dr Lev Nikolayevich (1932-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1972-1986. Medical Doctor. Graduated from Moscow Physical-Engineering Institute, 1956. Civilian Physician, Institute of Biological Medical Problems. Chief of a laboratory at IMBP. More...
  • Makarov Makarov, Oleg Grigoryevich (1933-2003) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 12, Soyuz 18-1, Salyut 6 EP-1, Salyut 6 EO-5. Survived first manned spaceflight abort during launch. More...
  • Bugrov Bugrov, Vladimir Yevgrafovich (1933-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1966-1968. More...
  • Kolomiytsev Kolomiytsev, Ordinard Panteleymonovich (1933-) Russian scientist cosmonaut, 1967-1968. More...
  • Anikeyev Anikeyev, Ivan Nikolayevich (1933-1992) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1963. Left with Filatyev and Nelyubov after alcohol incident. After discharge, again served as Air Force pilot and then navigation officer for ground control services of the Soviet Air Force. More...
  • Patsayev Patsayev, Viktor Ivanovich (1933-1971) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Civilian Engineer, Korolev OKB. Flew on Soyuz 11. Member of first crew to stay aboard a space station, however perished during landing. A street in Kaluga and Asteroid 1791 were named for him. More...
  • Alekseyev Alekseyev, Vladimir Borisovich (1933-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1967-1983. More...
  • Khrunov Khrunov, Yevgeni Vassilyevich (1933-2000) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 4/5. Member of first crew to transfer between spacecraft. More...
  • Ponomaryova Ponomaryova, Valentina Leonidovna (1933-) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut, 1962-1969. Was married to astronaut Yuri Ponomaryov. More...
  • Rafikov Rafikov, Mars Zakirovich (1933-2000) Tatar-Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1962. More...
  • Gagarin Gagarin, Yuri Alekseyevich (1934-1968) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Vostok 1. First person in space. Due to his fame, the Soviet leadership did not want to risk him on another flight, but later relented. Died in a 1968 MiG trainer crash while requalifying for flight status. More...
  • Nelyubov Nelyubov, Grigori Grigoyevich (1934-1966) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1963. Discharged with Anikeyev and Filatuev after alcohol incident. Returned to Air Force duties in Siberia, underwent increasing depression, killed in 1966 when hit by a train. More...
  • Leonov Leonov, Aleksei Arkhipovich (1934-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. First person to walk in space. Flew on Voskhod 2, Soyuz 19 (ASTP). Cancelled missions included command of first Soviet circumlunar flight in 1969 and first military space station mission in 1973. More...
  • Yeliseyev Yeliseyev, Aleksei Stanislavovich (1934-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 4/5, Soyuz 8, Soyuz 10. Member of first crew to transfer between spacecraft. More...
  • Bykovsky Bykovsky, Valeri Fyodorovich (1934-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Vostok 5, Soyuz 22, Salyut 6 EP-4. More...
  • Varlamov Varlamov, Valentin Stepanovich (1934-1980) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1961. Left team after fracturing a vertebra in a diving accident in July 1960. Worked in the Soviet space program as a flight instructor for new cosmonauts within the TsPK. More...
  • Gulyayev, Rudolf Gulyayev, Rudolf Alekseyevich (1934-) Russian scientist cosmonaut, 1967-1968. Scientist, Institute of Terrastrial Magnetism & Radiowaves of AN. Cosmonaut training May 1967 - August 1968. Left cosmonaut team for medical reasons. Worked as a research scientist at IZMIRAN. More...
  • Gorbatko Gorbatko, Viktor Vassilyevich (1934-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 7, Soyuz 24, Salyut 6 EP-7. More...
  • Volynov Volynov, Boris Valentinovich (1934-) Jewish-Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 5, Soyuz 21. More...
  • Kubasov Kubasov, Valeri Nikolayevich (1935-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 6, Soyuz 19 (ASTP), Salyut 6 EP-5. Flew in first docking mission between American and Soviet spacecraft. Missed two chances to be first engineer on a Soviet space station (Cosmos 557 and Soyuz 11). More...
  • Aksyonov Aksyonov, Vladimir Viktorovich (1935-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 22, Salyut 6 EP-6. More...
  • Kugno Kugno, Eduard Pavlovich (1935-1994) Ukrainian engineer cosmonaut, 1963-1964. More...
  • Sevastyanov Sevastyanov, Vitali Ivanovich (1935-2010) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 9, Soyuz 18. More...
  • Shonin Shonin, Georgi Stepanovich (1935-1997) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 6. More...
  • Lisun Lisun, Mikhail Ivanovich (1935-) Ukrainian engineer cosmonaut, 1965-1989. More...
  • Titov Titov, Gherman Stepanovich (1935-2000) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Vostok 2. Second person in orbit. Youngest person in space. Left cosmonaut team for brilliant career in the space forces after deciding his future spaceflight prospects were nil. More...
  • Dolgopolov Dolgopolov, Gennadi Aleksandrovich (1935-2008) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1966-1967. Graduated from Moscow Aviation Institute (MAI), 1959 Civilian Engineer, Korolev OKB. Retired due to medical reasons. Worked thereafter at NPO Energia. More...
  • Volkov Volkov, Vladislav Nikolayevich (1935-1971) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 7, Soyuz 11. Member of first space station crew, however perished during landing. From 1958 a civilian engineer, Korolev OKB, involved in the development of the Vostok and Voskhod spacecraft. More...
  • Buinovski Buinovski, Eduard Ivanovich (1936-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1963-1964. More...
  • Kolesnikov Kolesnikov, Gennadi Mikhailovich (1936-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1965-1967. More...
  • Gaidukov Gaidukov, Sergei Nikolayevich (1936-2008) Russian navigator cosmonaut, 1967-1978. Retired due to medical reasons (injured during parachute training). Worked as an engineer until 1988, when he retired from all work for medical reasons. More...
  • Sologub Sologub, Mikhail Vladimirovich (1936-1996) Russian navigator cosmonaut, 1967-1968. More...
  • Jaehn Jaehn, Sigmund Werner Paul 'Sig' (1937-) German pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EP-4. First German astronaut. More...
  • Bondarenko Bondarenko, Valentin Vasilyevich (1937-1961) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1961. Killed in a fire in a spacecraft simulator run using a a pure oxygen atmosphere. His death had a profound effect on future design of Soviet spacecraft. More...
  • Senkevich Senkevich, Dr Yuri Aleksandrovich (1937-2003) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1965-1966. More...
  • Tereshkova Tereshkova, Valentina Vladimirovna (1937-) Russian cosmonaut. First woman in space, aboard Vostok 6. But the flight was propaganda and future spaceflight opportunities did not develop. Was married to cosmonaut Andrian Nikolayev. Later a leading Communist politician. More...
  • Volk Volk, Igor Petrovich (1937-) Ukrainian test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EP-4. More...
  • Gulyayev Gulyayev, Vladislav Ivanovich (1937-1990) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1963-1968. Graduated from Soviet Navy Engineering School Cosmonaut training January 1963 - 21 January 1965. Resigned for medical reasons after an accident. Worked at the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center. Died of a heart attack. More...
  • Zholobov Zholobov, Vitali Mikhailovich (1937-) Ukrainian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 21. More...
  • Illyin Illyin, Dr Yevgeni Aleksandrovich (1937-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1965-1966. More...
  • Solovyova Solovyova, Irina Bayanovna (1937-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1962-1969. More...
  • Machinski Machinski, Dr Georgi Vladimirovich (1937-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1972-1974. Worked at the IMBP in Moscow. Left cosmonaut group for medical reasons after being injured in an automobile accident. He resumed work at the IMBP, reaching the position of senior-scientist. More...
  • Jankowski Jankowski, Zenon 'Zden' (1937-) Polish pilot cosmonaut, 1976-1978. Graduated from General Staff Academy "Karol Swierczewski", 1969 Fighter pilot, Polish Air Force. Commander, Deblin Air Force School. Later retired from all duties. More...
  • Yegorov Yegorov, Dr Boris Borisovich (1937-1994) Russian physician cosmonaut. Flew on Voskhod 1. First physician in space. More...
  • Fartushny Fartushny, Vladimir Grigoryevich (1938-) Ukrainian engineer cosmonaut, 1968-1971. More...
  • Kononenko Kononenko, Oleg Grigoryevich (1938-1980) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1980-1980. Graduated from Zhukovsky Air Force Institute, 1975 Civilian test pilot. Cosmonaut training December 1978 - July 1980. More...
  • Preobrazhensky Preobrazhensky, Vladimir Yevgenyevich (1939-1993) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1965-1980. Graduated from Moscow Aviation Institute Soviet Air Force, liaising with aircraft industrial enterprises. Cosmonaut training November 1965 - December 1967. Worked at Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center. Killed in an auto crash. More...
  • Rozhdestvensky Rozhdestvensky, Valeri Illyich (1939-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 23. More...
  • Nikitsky Nikitsky, Vladimir Prtrovich (1939-) Russian engineer cosmonaut candidate, 1967. More...
  • Grechanik Grechanik, Aleksei Anatoliyevich (1939-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1978-1987. Civilian Engineer, Chelomei OKB. Trained for a flight to the Almaz space station. Engineer at the Kosmos Pavillon in Moscow. More...
  • Yerkina Yerkina, Zhanna Dmitriyevna (1939-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1962-1969. More...
  • Fatkullin Fatkullin, Mars Nurgaliyevich (1939-2003) Russian scientist cosmonaut, 1967-1970. More...
  • Illarionov Illarionov, Valeri Vasilyevich (1939-1999) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1970-1992. Graduated from Higher Air Force School, 1967 Soviet Air Force, specialized in communications systems. Served as CapCom during several Soyuz missions. Also involved in the Buran program. More...
  • Sharafutdinov Sharafutdinov, Ansar Ilgamovich (1939-) Tatar-Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1965-1968. Cosmonaut training November 1965 - December 1967. Withdrawn from cosmonaut team for medical reasons. Retired from active military duty in 1985. Later taught at a Higher School. More...
  • Ryumin Ryumin, Valeri Viktorovich (1939-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 25, Salyut 6 EO-3, Salyut 6 EO-4, STS-91. Was married to astronaut Yelena Kondakova. 371 cumulative days in space. Civilian Engineer, Korolev OKB More...
  • Koellner Koellner, Eberhard 'Eb' (1939-) German pilot cosmonaut, 1976-1978. More...
  • Glazkov Glazkov, Yuri Nikolayevich (1939-2008) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 24. More...
  • Beloborodov Beloborodov, Valeri Mikhailovich (1939-2004) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1967-1969. More...
  • Makrushin Makrushin, Valeri Grigoryevich (1940-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1972-1987. Studied from 1957 to 1963 at Leningrad Institute of Aircraft Design (LIAP). Civilian Engineer, Chelomei OKB. Returned to NPO Mashinostroenniye. More...
  • Savinykh Savinykh, Viktor Petrovich (1940-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EO-6, Salyut 7 EO-4-1a, Mir EP-2. More...
  • Isakov Isakov, Vladimir Timofeyevich (1940-) Russian navigator cosmonaut, 1967-1983. More...
  • Shcheglov Shcheglov, Vasily Dmitriyevich (1940-1973) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1965-1972. Graduated from Yeisk Higher Military Pilot School, 1963 Cosmonaut training November 1965 - December 1967. Withdrawn from cosmonaut team for medical reasons. Died of lung cancer. More...
  • Ivanov, Georgi Ivanov, Georgi (1940-) Bulgarian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EP-5-1. First Bulgarian astronaut. Changed his name when he was selected for cosmonaut training because Kakalov had a scatalogical meaning in Russian. Later member of the Bulgarian Parliament. More...
  • Tito Tito, Dennis Anthony (1940-) American engineer cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EP-1. First space tourist. First American to return to earth in a Russian spacecraft. More...
  • Khludeyev Khludeyev, Yevgeni Nikolayevich (1940-1995) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1965-1988. Graduated from Kiev AF Academy of Engineering,1962. Cosmonaut training November 1965 - December 1967. Worked as research scientist at the Gagarin Center. Involved in the Buran program from 1986 - 1988. Died of a heart attack. More...
  • Ivanchenkov Ivanchenkov, Aleksandr Segeyevich (1940-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EO-2, Salyut 7 EP-1. Graduated MAI, 1964 Civilian Engineer, Korolev OKB. Trained for a Buran flight. From 1993 served as deputy director of 29th Department, RKK Energia. More...
  • Andreyev Andreyev, Boris Dmitriyevich (1940-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1972-1983. Off flight roster for medical reasons. Civilian Engineer, Korolev OKB More...
  • Strekalov Strekalov, Gennadi Mikhailovich (1940-2004) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EO-5, Soyuz T-8, Soyuz T-10-1, Salyut 7 EP-3, Mir EO-7, Mir EO-18. Survived first manned launch pad abort. Flew in space six times. More...
  • Yakovlev Yakovlev, Oleg Anatolyevich (1940-1990) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1965-1973. More...
  • Yuyukov Yuyukov, Dmitri Andreyevich (1941-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1973-1987. Graduated from MAI, 1965 Civilian Engineer, Chelomei OKB. Trained for a TKS flight to the Almaz military space station. Sector Head, NPO Mashinostroyeniye. From worked at GKNPTs Khrunishchev. More...
  • Fyodorov Fyodorov, Anatoli Pavlovich (1941-2002) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1965-1974. Graduated from E.N. Bauman Moscow Higher Technical School, 1963. Cosmonaut training November 1965-December 1967. Flight controller in Kaliningrad until he retired in 1992. More...
  • Levchenko Levchenko, Anatoli Semyonovich (1941-1988) Ukrainian test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir LII-1. Graduated from Chernigov Higher Air Force School, 1964. Buran test pilot; cosmonaut training December 1978 - July 1980. Later a civil test pilot for the Soviet Air Force Ministry. Died of a brain tumor in Moscow. More...
  • Kuznetsova Kuznetsova, Tatyana Dmitryevna nee Pitskhelauri (1941-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1962-1969. More...
  • Lyakhov Lyakhov, Vladimir Afanasyevich (1941-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EO-3, Salyut 7 EO-2, Mir EP-3. More...
  • Kizim Kizim, Leonid Denisovich (1941-2010) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EO-5, Salyut 7 EO-3, Mir EO-1. Member of first crew to fly between two space stations during a single mission. 374 cumulative days in space. More...
  • Pisarev Pisarev, Viktor Mikhailovich (1941-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1967-1968. More...
  • Malyshev Malyshev, Yuri Vassilyevich (1941-1999) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EP-6, Salyut 7 EP-3. More...
  • Hermaszewski Hermaszewski, Miroslaw 'Mirek' (1941-) Polish pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EP-3. First Polish astronaut. More...
  • Sattarov Sattarov, Nail Sharipovich (1941-) Tatar-Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1979-1980. More...
  • Sarafanov Sarafanov, Gennadi Vassilyevich (1942-2005) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 15. More...
  • Petrushenko Petrushenko, Aleksandr Yakovlevich (1942-1992) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut, 1965-1973. Later worked at Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center, then moved to the satellite control center in Monino until his retirement 1991. More...
  • Demyanenko Demyanenko, Anatoly Pavlovich (1942-1971) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1969-1971. Engineer at the Scientific Research Institute of Automatics and Instrument Engineering. On 11 September 1969 selected as a cosmonaut, but the selection was not confirmed by the government commission. More...
  • Zudov Zudov, Vyacheslav Dmitriyevich (1942-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 23. More...
  • Kozelsky Kozelsky, Vladimir Sergeyevich (1942-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1967-1983. Graduated from Kachinsk, 1963; Monino, 1981. Cosmonaut training 1967.05-1969.08.18. Later Deputy Mir Flight Director. Retired in 1992. More...
  • Bachurin Bachurin, Ivan Ivanovich (1942-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1979-1992. More...
  • Tamayo-Mendez Tamayo-Mendez, Arnaldo 'Guasso' (1942-) African-Cuban pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EP-8. First Cuban astronaut. First person of African descent to fly in space. Graduated from Air Force Academy Pilot, Cuban Air Force. Director of the Organization for Civil Defense in Cuba. More...
  • Kovalyonok Kovalyonok, Vladimir Vasilyevich (1942-) Belarusian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 25, Salyut 6 EO-2, Salyut 6 EO-6. More...
  • Berezovoi Berezovoi, Anatoli Nikolayevich (1942-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EO-1. More...
  • Lebedev Lebedev, Valentin Vitalyevich (1942-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 13, Salyut 7 EO-1. More...
  • Voloshin Voloshin, Valeri Abramovich (1942-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1965-1969. More...
  • Grishchenko Grishchenko, Vitali Andreyevich (1942-1992) Ukrainian navigator cosmonaut, 1965-1968. More...
  • Polyakov Polyakov, Dr Valeri Vladimirovich (1942-) Russian physician cosmonaut. Flew on Mir LD-2, Mir LD-4. Longest single space flight (437 days). 678 cumulative days in space. Civilian Physician, Institute of Medical Biological Problems. More...
  • Dediu Dediu, Dumitru (1942-) Romanian pilot cosmonaut, 1978-1981. Rumanian Air Force. Served in the Rumanian Army as Lieutenant Colonel, stationed in Bucharest. More...
  • Dzhanibekov Dzhanibekov, Vladimir Aleksandrovich (1942-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EP-1, Salyut 6 EP-9, Salyut 7 EP-1, Salyut 7 EP-4, Salyut 7 EO-4-1b. More...
  • Skvortsov Skvortsov, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich (1942-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1965-1968. Father of cosmonaut Aleksandr Skvortsov, Jr. More...
  • Klimuk Klimuk, Pyotr Ilyich (1942-) Belarusian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 13, Soyuz 18, Salyut 6 EP-3. More...
  • Akiyama Akiyama, Tohiro (1942-) Japanese journalist cosmonaut. Flew on Mir Kosmoreporter. First Japanese to fly in space. More...
  • Kramarenko Kramarenko, Aleksandr Yakovlevich (1942-2002) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut, 1965-1969. More...
  • Aleksandrov Aleksandrov, Aleksandr Pavlovich (1943-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EO-2, Soyuz TM-3. More...
  • Isaulov Isaulov, Yuri Fedorovich (1943-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1970-1982. More...
  • Pelczak Pelczak, Oldrich 'Olda' (1943-) Czech pilot cosmonaut, 1976-1978. Graduated from Air Force Academy of the Soviet Union Engineer, Czechoslovak Air Force. More...
  • Malhotra Malhotra, Ravish (1943-) Indian pilot cosmonaut, 1982-1984. Indian Air Force test pilot, stationed at the Bangalore space test center. Later worked for Dynamatic Technologies. Brigadier General (Air Commodore), Retired. More...
  • Sokovykh Sokovykh, Anatoli Mikhailovich (1944-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1979-1986. More...
  • Serebrov Serebrov, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich (1944-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EP-2, Soyuz T-8, Mir EO-5, Mir EO-14. Ten spacewalks. 372 cumulative days in space. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO. More...
  • Mosolov Mosolov, Vladimir Yemeliyanovich (1944-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1979-1987. More...
  • Chirkin Chirkin, Viktor Martynovich (1944-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1979-1982. More...
  • Dedkov Dedkov, Anatoli Ivanovich (1944-) Belarusian pilot cosmonaut, 1970-1983. More...
  • Stankiavicius Stankiavicius, Rimantas Antanas-Antonovich (1944-1990) Lithuanian test pilot cosmonaut, 1977-1990. Buran Test Pilot, died in crash of a Su-27 fighter at an air show at Treviso, Italy. More...
  • Romanenko Romanenko, Yuri Viktorovich (1944-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EO-1, Salyut 6 EP-8, Mir LD-1. Father of cosmonaut Roman Romanenko. 430 cumulative days in space. More...
  • Lysenko Lysenko, Aleksandr Ivanovich (1945-1977) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1977-1977. Flying Research Institute named for Gromov of GKOOP. Selected as a cosmonaut for the Buran program by the Gromov Flight Test Center, but the selection was not confirmed by the government commission. Died in the crash of a MiG-23 with Mamontov. More...
  • Olsen Olsen, Gregory Hammond 'Greg' (1945-) American scientist cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EP-9. Space tourist More...
  • Fefelov Fefelov, Nikolai Nikolayevich (1945-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1970-1995. More...
  • Popov Popov, Leonid Ivanovich (1945-) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EO-4, Salyut 6 EP-10, Salyut 7 EP-2. More...
  • Kozlov, Vladimir Kozlov, Vladimir Ivanovich (1945-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1970-1973. Graduated from Higher Air Force School of Pilots, 1968 Soviet Air Force parachutist. Left cosmonaut group due to medical problems. Served on Russian Air Force Staff. Retired as a Colonel on 6 March 1996. More...
  • Shchukin Shchukin, Alexandr Vladimirovich (1946-1988) Belarusian test pilot cosmonaut, 1980-1988. More...
  • Baudry Baudry, Patrick Pierre Roger (1946-) French pilot cosmonaut, payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-G. Transferred to NASA Payload Specialist. Flight on STS-18, 1985. French Air Force Transferred to NASA as a Payload Specialist. More...
  • Arzamazov Arzamazov, Dr Gherman Semyonovich (1946-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1978-1995. Civilian Physician, Institute of Medical Biological Problems. More...
  • Zabolotski Zabolotski, Viktor Viktorovich (1946-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1984-1997. Cosmonaut training September 1985 - 1987. Buran Test Pilot. Civilian test pilot at the Zhukovsky Flight Test Center of LII. More...
  • Aubakirov Aubakirov, Toktar Ongarbaevich (1946-) Kazakh pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir Austromir. First Kazakh astronaut. More...
  • Romanov Romanov, Valeri Aleksandrovich (1946-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1978-1987. Graduated from Bauman-Higher School, Moscow, 1970 Civilian Engineer, Chelomei OKB. Worked with NPO Salyut. More...
  • Solovyov, Vladimir Solovyov, Vladimir Alekseyevich (1946-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EO-3, Mir EO-1. Member of first crew to fly between two space stations during a single mission. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO More...
  • Titov, Vladimir Titov, Vladimir Georgiyevich (1947-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz T-8, Soyuz T-10-1, Mir EO-3, STS-63, STS-86. Survived first pad abort during a manned launch. 387 cumulative days in space. SU Air Force. Call sign: Okean (Ocean). More...
  • Protchenko Protchenko, Sergey Filipovich (1947-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1976-1979. More...
  • Tuan Pham Tuan (1947-) Vietnamese pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EP-7. First Vietnamese astronaut. Engineer, Air force pilot. Participated in the Vietnam War. Major General of Vietnam Air Force. More...
  • Khatulev Khatulev, Vladimir Aleksandrovich (1947-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1973-1980. Civilian Engineer, Chelomei OKB More...
  • Pozharskaya Pozharskaya, Dr Larisa Grigoryevna (1947-2002) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1980-1993. More...
  • Viktorenko Viktorenko, Aleksandr Stepanovich (1947-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EP-1, Mir EO-5, Mir EO-11, Mir EO-17. 489 cumulative days in space. Call sign: Vityaz (Knight). More...
  • Sheffer Sheffer, Yuri Petrovich (1947-2001) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1985-1996. Was married to cosmonaut Tamara Zakharova. More...
  • Borodai Borodai, Alexei Sergeyevich (1947-) Ukrainian test pilot cosmonaut, 1979-1993. More...
  • Andryushkov Andryushkov, Aleksandr Stepanovich (1947-2007) Russian journalist cosmonaut, 1990-1992. More...
  • Dobrokvashina Dobrokvashina, Dr Yelena Ivanovna (1947-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1980-1993. Civilian Physician, Institute of Biological Medical Problems. Cosmonaut training October 1979 - July 1980. Returned to work at the IMBP. More...
  • Gurragcha Gurragcha Jugderdemidiin 'Gurr' (1947-) Mongolian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EP-9. First Mongolian astronaut. Graduated from Zhukovsky Military Engineering Academy, 1977. Aeronautic engineer, Mongolian Air Force. From 2000 Mongolian Secretary of Defense. More...
  • Santonico Santonico, Stefano (1948-) Italian engineer cosmonaut, 1990-1993. More...
  • Solovyov Solovyov, Anatoliy Yakovlevich (1948-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EP-2, Mir EO-6, Mir EO-12, Mir EO-19, Mir EO-24. 651 cumulative days in space. More...
  • Volkov, Aleksandr Volkov, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich (1948-) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EO-4-2, Mir EO-4, Mir EO-10. Father of cosmonaut Sergei Volkov. 391 cumulative days in space. More...
  • Haignere Haignere, Jean-Pierre (1948-) French test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir Altair, Mir EO-27. Was married to astronaut Claudie Andre-Deshays. More...
  • Savitskaya Savitskaya, Svetlana Yevgenyevna (1948-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EP-2, Salyut 7 EP-4. Test pilot, engineer, second woman in space. First woman to walk in space. More...
  • Simonyi Simonyi, Charles 'Karoly' (1948-) Hungarian-American computer scientist, space tourist cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EP-12, ISS EP-16. Inventor of the Macintosh/Windows visual interface. More...
  • Remek Remek, Vladimir 'Volodya' (1948-) Czech pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EP-2. First Czech astronaut. More...
  • Baberdin Baberdin, Valeri Vasiliyevich (1948-2003) Russian journalist cosmonaut, 1990-1992. More...
  • Sultanov Sultanov, Ural Nazibovich (1948-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1983-1996. More...
  • Afanasyev Afanasyev, Viktor Mikhailovich (1948-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-8, Mir EO-15, Mir EO-27, ISS EP-2. 555 cumulative days in space. Buran Test Pilot, 1985-1987. Transferred toTsPK, 1987. Call sign: Derbent (Derbent - Russian city) More...
  • Puchkov Puchkov, Aleksandr Sergeyevich (1948-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1990-1996. More...
  • Bukreyev Bukreyev, Viktor Ivanovich (1949-1977) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1977. Flew for Gromov Institute. Selected as a cosmonaut for the Buran program, but the selection was not confirmed by the government commission. Died in an aircraft crash. More...
  • Moskalenko Moskalenko, Nikolai Tikhonovich (1949-2004) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1976-1986. More...
  • Steklov Steklov, Vladimir Aleksandrovich (1949-) Russian actor cosmonaut, 1997-2000. More...
  • Sharma Sharma, Rakesh 'Rikki' (1949-) Indian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EP-3. First Indian astronaut. Indian Air Force More...
  • Ganzorig Ganzorig Maidarjabyn (1949-) Mongolian pilot cosmonaut, 1978-1981. More...
  • Turovets Turovets, Vladimir Yevgeniyevich (1949-1982) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1977-1980. Test pilot, Gromov Flight Research Institute. Selected as a cosmonaut for the Buran program in 1977 by the Gromov Flight Test Center, but the selection was not confirmed by the government commission. Died in the crash of an Mi-8 helicopter. More...
  • Favier Favier, Dr Jean-Jacques (1949-) French materials scientist cosmonaut, payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-78. More...
  • Atkov Atkov, Dr Oleg Yuryevich (1949-) Russian physician cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EO-3. More...
  • Baturin Baturin, Yuri Mikhailovich (1949-) Jewish-Russian engineer cosmonaut 1997-2009. Flew on Mir EP-4, ISS EP-1. More...
  • Liem Bui Thanh Liem (1949-1981) Vietnamese pilot cosmonaut, 1979-1980. Graduated from Gagarin Military Academy, Monino, 1978 Captain and fighter pilot, Vietnam Air Force. Flew many combat missions during the Vietnam War. Continued service in Vietnamese Air Force. Died in the crash of a MiG-21UTI trainer. More...
  • Farkas Farkas Bertalan 'Bertsi' (1949-) Hungarian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EP-5. First Hungarian to fly in space. More...
  • Magyari Magyari Bela (1949-) Hungarian pilot cosmonaut, 1978-1980. Graduated from Gyorgy Kilian military pilot school, 1969. Graduated from Budapest Technical University, 1986. Aeronautical engineer and pilot, Hungarian Air Force. Involved in space research work. More...
  • Ivanova Ivanova, Yekaterina Aleksandrowna (1949-) Russian scientist cosmonaut, 1983-1994. More...
  • Saley Saley, Yevgeni Vladimirovich (1950-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1976-1987. More...
  • Lopez-Falcon Lopez-Falcon, Jose Armando (1950-) Cuban pilot cosmonaut, 1978-1980. Graduated from Carlos Ullo military pilot school, 1967. Graduated from Gagarin Military Academy, Monino. Cuban Air Force Captain and pilot. Continued service as a pilot in the Cuban Air Force. More...
  • Grekov Grekov, Nikolai Sergeyevich (1950-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1978-1986. More...
  • Manakov Manakov, Gennadi Mikhailovich (1950-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-7, Mir EO-13. Buran Test Pilot, 1985-1987. Transferred to TsPK cosmonaut detachment 1987. Call sign: Vulkan (Volcano). More...
  • Ivanov Ivanov, Leonid Georiyevich (1950-1980) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1978-1980. Graduated from Higher Air Force School, Katchinsk, 1971 Major and pilot, Soviet Air Force. Cosmonaut training 23 August 1976 - 30 January 1979. Died in the crash of a MiG-27 aircraft during a test flight. More...
  • Maksimenko Maksimenko, Valery Yevgenyevich (1950-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1990-1991. More...
  • Morukov Morukov, Dr Boris Vladimirovich (1950-) Russian physician cosmonaut. Flew on STS-106. Civilian Physician, Institute of Medical Biological Problems More...
  • Loktionov Loktionov, Yuri Alekseyevich (1950-) Russian scientist cosmonaut, 2000-on. More...
  • Musabayev Musabayev, Talgat Amangeldyevich (1951-) Kazakh pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-16, Mir EO-25, ISS EP-1. Transferred in 1991 Air Force Special Group. Russian Air Force More...
  • Tolboyev Tolboyev, Maghomed Omarovich (1951-) Avar (Dagestani)-Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1983-1994. More...
  • Kadenyuk Kadenyuk, Leonid Konstantinovich (1951-) Ukrainian test pilot cosmonaut, payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-87. Longest wait for a spaceflight after becoming an astronaut - 21 years. Soyuz cosmonaut 1976-1983; Spiral pilot 1983-1987; Buran pilot, 1987-1989, NASA PS, 1996. More...
  • Manarov Manarov, Musa Khiramanovich 'Mussachi' (1951-) Lakets-Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-3, Mir EO-8. 541 cumulative days in space. Graduated from Moscow Aviation Institute with an engineering diploma in 1974 Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO. Later a Director of Smolsat. More...
  • Laveykin Laveykin, Aleksandr Ivanovich (1951-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-2. More...
  • Faris Faris, Mohammed Ahmed (1951-) Arab-Syrian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EP-1. First Syrian to fly in space. Graduated from Military Pilot School, Aleppo, 1973. Colonel and pilot in the Syrian Air Force. Specialist in navigation. Returned to duty after his mission. More...
  • Viso Viso, Michel Yves (1951-) French biologist payload specialist astronaut, cosmonaut, 1985-1998. Doctorate of veterinary medicine from " l'Ecole Veterinaire de Maison-Alfort ", 1975. Worked for CNES in Paris, in coordination of spaceflight activities. More...
  • Yemelyanov Yemelyanov, Sergei Aleksandrovich (1951-1992) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1984-1992. Graduated from MAI, 1974 Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO. Cosmonaut training November 1985 - October 1986. Left cosmonaut cadre for medical reasons. Manager for AO TPK "Prodmarket". Died of a heart attack. More...
  • Omelchenko Omelchenko, Svetlana Oktyabrevna (1951-) Russian journalist cosmonaut, 1990-1992. More...
  • Aleksandrov, Aleksandr Aleksandrov, Aleksandr Panayotov 'Sasha' (1951-) Bulgarian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EP-2. Graduated from Air Force Academy, 1974. Candidate of technical sciences degree, 1983. Lieutenant Colonel, Bulgarian Air Force. More...
  • Dyson Dyson, Esther (1951-) American cosmonaut, 2008-2009. Internet entrepreneur, daughter of physicist and space visionary Freeman Dyson. Internet entrepreneur who paid $ 3 million to train as back-up to Charles Simonyi as a space tourist aboard Soyuz TMA-14. More...
  • Vasyutin Vasyutin, Vladimir Vladimirovich (1952-2002) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EO-4-2. More...
  • Gevorkyan Gevorkyan, Vladimir Mkrtychovich (1952-2008) Armenian-Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1978-1987. Graduated from Bauman Technical Higher School, Moscow, 1975 Civilian Engineer, Chelomei OKB. From 1991 General Director of Science Corporation "Terra". More...
  • Flade Flade, Klaus-Dietrich (1952-) German engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir 92. More...
  • Prunariu Prunariu, Dumitru Dorin (1952-) Romanian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EP-10. First Rumanian astronaut. More...
  • Potapov Potapov, Dr Mikhail Georgiyevich (1952-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1978-1985. Civilian Physician, Institute of Medical Biological Problems. Cosmonaut training October 1979 - July 1980. Later Chief of Laboratory 174 at IMBP. More...
  • Tokarev Tokarev, Valeri Ivanovich (1952-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on STS-96, ISS EO-12. Russian Air Force test pilot, flying 44 types of aircraft and helicopters. Selected as Buran test pilot in 1987. From 1994, commander cosmonaut group for aerospace systems. More...
  • Pushenko Pushenko, Nikolay Alekseyevich (1952-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1990-1996. More...
  • Zakharova Zakharova, Dr Tamara Sergeyevna (1952-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1980-1995. Was married to cosmonaut Yuri Sheffer. More...
  • Borodin Borodin, Dr Aleksandr Viktorovich (1953-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1978-1993. Civilian Physician, Institute of Medical Biological Problems. Cosmonaut training from October 1979 - July 1980. Worked again at IMBP. More...
  • Korzun Korzun, Valeri Grigoryevich (1953-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-22, ISS EO-5. 381 cumulative days in space. Call sign: Fregat (Frigate). More...
  • Pronina Pronina, Irina Rudolfovna (1953-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1980-1992. More...
  • Budarin Budarin, Nikolai Mikhailovich (1953-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-19, Mir EO-25, ISS EO-6. Made nine spacewalks totalling 1.93 days. 444 cumulative days in space. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO More...
  • Balandin Balandin, Aleksandr Nikolayevich (1953-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO. Flew on Mir EO-6. Left cosmonaut corps for medical reasons and returned to NPO Energia until departing in 1994. Then President of Lendint-Association until 2000. More...
  • Vinogradov Vinogradov, Pavel Vladimirovich (1953-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-24, ISS EO-13. 380 cumulative days in space. Civilian Engineer, Energiya NPO. More...
  • Munir Habib, Munir Habib (1953-) Arab-Syrian pilot cosmonaut, 1985-1987. Graduated from Military Pilot School, Aleppo, 1973 Pilot and Lieutenant Colonel, Syrian Air Force. Resumed military service. More...
  • Klyushnikova Klyushnikova, Dr Olga Nikolayevna (1953-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1979-1986. Civilian Physician, Institute of Medical Biological Problems. Cosmonaut training from October 1979 - July 1980. Did not complete training, when the government commission did not confirm his selection. More...
  • Polishchuk Polishchuk, Aleksandr Fyodorovich (1953-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-13. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO More...
  • Prikhodko Prikhodko, Yuri Victorovich (1953-2001) Tajik-Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1989-1994. More...
  • Sharov Sharov, Valeri Yuriyevich (1953-) Russian journalist cosmonaut, 1990-1992. More...
  • Latysheva Latysheva, Irina Dmitriyevna (1953-) Russian scientist cosmonaut, 1980-1993. More...
  • Moshchenko Moshchenko, Sergey Ivanovich (1954-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1996-2009. More...
  • Masum Masum, Mohammad Dauran Ghulam (1954-) Afghani pilot cosmonaut, 1988-1988. More...
  • Tsibliyev Tsibliyev, Vasili Vasilyevich (1954-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-14, Mir EO-23. 381 cumulative days in space. Call sign: Sirius (Sirius). More...
  • Tresvyatski Tresvyatski, Sergei Nikolayevich (1954-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1985-1996. More...
  • Amelkina Amelkina, Dr Galina Vasilyevna (1954-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1980-1983. More...
  • Fuller Fulier, Michal (1955-) Slovak pilot cosmonaut, 1998-1999. More...
  • Krichevsky Krichevsky, Sergei Vladimirovich (1955-) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut, 1989-1998. More...
  • Mace Mace, Timothy Kristian Charles (1955-) British engineer cosmonaut, 1989-1998. Was married to the daughter of former Soviet Cosmonaut V Zholobov. More...
  • Yablontsev Yablontsev, Aleksandr Nikolaevich (1955-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1989-1996. More...
  • Avdeyev Avdeyev, Sergei Vasilyevich (1956-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-12, Mir EO-20, Mir EO-26/-27. 747 cumulative days in space. Ten spacewalks. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO More...
  • Polonski Polonski, Anatoly Borisovich (1956-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1989-1991. Test pilot and Colonel, Soviet Air Force Test Pilot School. Cosmonaut training March 1989 - April 1991. Later a test pilot at Khalovskaya. More...
  • Kaleri Kaleri, Aleksandr Yuryevich (1956-) Latvian-Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-11, Mir EO-22, Mir EO-28, ISS EO-8, ISS EO-25. 769 cumulative days in space. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO. More...
  • Artsebarsky Artsebarsky, Anatoli Pavlovich (1956-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-9. More...
  • Severin, Vladimir Severin, Vladimir Gayevich (1956-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1990-1995. Son of design bureau chief Gay Ilich Severin. More...
  • Ewald Ewald, Dr Reinhold (1956-) German engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir 97. More...
  • Kuleshova Kuleshova, Natalya Dmitriyevna (1956-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1980-1992. Graduated from Moscow Aviation Institute named after Grigori (Sergo) K. Ordzhonikidze, 1978. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO. From 1992 she worked as an engineer at NPO Energia, Department 292. More...
  • Fuglesang Fuglesang, Arne Christer (1957-) Swedish engineer cosmonaut, mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-116, STS-128. More...
  • Kondakova Kondakova, Yelena Vladimirovna (1957-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-17, STS-84. Engineer, first Russian woman to fly in space for other than propaganda reasons. Was married to astronaut Valeriy Ryumin. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO More...
  • Eyharts Eyharts, Leopold (1957-) French test pilot cosmonaut, mission specialist astronaut. Flew on Mir Pegase, ISS EO-16-2. More...
  • Andre-Deshays Haignere, Claudie nee Andre-Deshays (1957-) French biologist cosmonaut. Flew on Mir Cassiopee, ISS EP-2. Biologist, first French female astronaut. Was married to astronaut Jean-PIerre Haignere. More...
  • Zaitsev Zaitsev, Andrei Yevgenyevich (1957-2010) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1985-1996. More...
  • Usachyov Usachyov, Yuri Vladimirovich (1957-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-15, Mir EO-21, STS-101, ISS EO-2. 552 cumulative days in space. More...
  • Lazutkin Lazutkin, Aleksandr Ivanovich (1957-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-23. Civilian Engineer, Energiya NPO. More...
  • Vozovikov Vozovikov, Sergei Yuriyevich (1958-1993) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1990-1993. Graduated from Higher Military Pilot School, Armavir, 1979. Cosmonaut training 1 October 1990 - 6 March 1992. Drowned during recovery training in the Black Sea. More...
  • Reiter Reiter, Thomas Arthur (1958-) German test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-20, ISS Astrolab. More...
  • Padalka Padalka, Gennadi Ivanovich (1958-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-26, ISS EO-9, ISS EO-19. 585 cumulative days in space. More...
  • Treshchev Treshchev, Sergey Yevgenyevich (1958-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EO-5. Civilian Engineer, Energiya NPO More...
  • Krikalyov Krikalyov, Sergei Konstantinovich (1958-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, Energia NPO, 1985-2009. Flew on Mir EO-4, Mir LD-3, STS-60, STS-88, ISS EO-1, ISS EO-11. World record for total duration spent in space (803 days). First Russian to fly aboard an American spacecraft. Flew in space six times. More...
  • Lukyanyuk Lukyanyuk, Dr Vasili Yuryevich (1958-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1989-2003. More...
  • Kuipers Kuipers, Andre (1958-) Dutch engineer cosmonaut, payload specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS Delta. More...
  • Clervoy Clervoy, Jean-Francois Andre (1958-) French engineer cosmonaut, mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-66, STS-84, STS-103. More...
  • Silve Silve, Benoit M (1958-) French engineer cosmonaut, 1990-1993. Pilot, French Navy Selected for French astronaut team. More...
  • Mohmand Mohmand, Abdul Ahad 'Abdulah' (1959-) Afghani pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EP-3. First Afghani astronaut. More...
  • Yurchikhin Yurchikhin, Fyodor Nikolayevich (1959-) Georgian-Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on STS-112, ISS EO-15,ISS EO-24. 373 cumulative days in space. Engineer, Energia NPO. More...
  • Babiak Babiak, Martin (1959-) Slovak pilot cosmonaut, 1998-1999. As of January 2001 Babiak was a Colonel of the Slovak Air Force, studying at the Air War College in Alabama, USA. More...
  • Tyurin Tyurin, Michael Vladislavovich (1960-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EO-3, ISS EO-14. Civilian Engineer, Energiya NPO. More...
  • Shargin Shargin, Yuri Georgiyevich (1960-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EP-7. Russian Strategic Rocket Force More...
  • Korniyenko Korniyenko, Mikhail Borisovich (1960-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1998-on. Graduated from Moscow Aviation Institute, 1987 Worked as an engineer at KBOM, then transferred to RKKE. Cosmonaut training completed November 19, 1999. More...
  • Viehboeck Viehboeck, Franz Artur (1960-) Austrian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir Austromir. First Austrian astronaut. More...
  • Merchez Merchez, Marianne (1960-) Belgian physician cosmonaut, 1992-1995. Was married to astronaut Maurizio Cheli. More...
  • Stoyanov Stoyanov, Krasimir Mihailov (1961-) Bulgarian pilot cosmonaut, 1987-1988. Graduated from Air Force School Pilot, Bulgarian Air Force. More...
  • Onufrienko Onufrienko, Yuri Ivanovich (1961-) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-21, ISS EO-4. 389 cumulative days in space. After leaving cosmonaut corps in April 2004, assigned as Deputy Chief for the First Administration of RGNII TsPK. Call sign: Skif (Skif - Roman-age tribe). More...
  • Garriott, Richard Garriott, Richard Allen (1961-) American space tourist. Flew on ISS EP-15. Son of astronaut Owen Garriott, raised in Nassau Bay, Texas. Sold first computer game at 16; made millions in computer games. Paid $30 million for a flight to the International Space Station. More...
  • Malenchenko Malenchenko, Yuri Ivanovich (1961-) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-16, STS-106, ISS EO-7, ISS EO-16. Call sign: Agat (Agate). 514 cumulative days in space. More...
  • Aliyev Aliyev, Ravshanbek (1962-) Kyrgyzstani pilot cosmonaut, 1996-2001. Kirgiz guest cosmonaut mission cancelled. Aliyev had been a Soviet military officer in charge of a transport squadron of the Transbaikal military district. More...
  • Sokolova Sokolova, Marina Russian engineer cosmonaut candidate, 1962. Pilot. Selected as a cosmonaut on 28 February 1962, but on 3 March 1962 her selection was rejected by the government commission. In 1965 she set the world speed record for a female pilot while flying a MIG-21. More...
  • Solovova Solovova, Ludmilla Russian engineer cosmonaut candidate, 1962. Selected as a cosmonaut on 28 February 1962, but in March 1962 her selection was rejected by the government commission. More...
  • Yefremova Yefremova Russian engineer cosmonaut candidate, 1962. Selected as a cosmonaut on 28 February 1962, but in March 1962 her selection was rejected by the government commission. More...
  • Kvasova Kvasova, Vera Russian engineer cosmonaut candidate, 1962. Selected as cosmonaut on 28 February 1962, but in March 1962 the selection was rejected by the government commission. More...
  • Borzenkova Borzenkova Russian engineer cosmonaut candidate, 1962. In March 1962 selected as cosmonaut, but the selection was not confirmed by the government commission. More...
  • Gidzenko Gidzenko, Yuri Pavlovich (1962-) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-20, ISS EO-1, ISS EP-3. Call sign: Uran (Uranus). More...
  • Zalyotin Zalyotin, Sergey Viktorovich (1962-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-28, ISS EP-4. More...
  • Dezhurov Dezhurov, Vladimir Nikolayevich (1962-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-18, ISS EO-3. Made nine spacewalks, total time 1.58 days. More...
  • Kyzhelnaya Kyzhelnaya, Nadezda Vasilyevna (1962-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1994-2004. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO More...
  • Karashtin Karashtin, Dr Vladimir Vladimirovich (1962-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1989-2002. More...
  • Lothaller Lothaller, Clemens (1963-) Austrian engineer cosmonaut, 1989-1991. Doctorate degree from University of Vienna, 1987. One of five Austrian candidates in 1992 ESA selection. Made short list twice, but not selected in 1992 and 1998. Later had his own medical practice. More...
  • Sharman Sharman, Helen Patricia 'Lenochka' (1963-) British engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir Juno. Chemist. First British astronaut. First non-American, non-Soviet female astronaut. More...
  • Krikun Krikun, Yuri Yuriyevich (1963-) Ukrainian journalist cosmonaut, 1990-1992. In 1997 unsuccessfully applied for the Ukrainian cosmonaut team. More...
  • Kostenko Kostenko, Sergei Valerievich (1963-) Russian businessman, cosmonaut training 2005, backup to Gregory Olsen for the space tourist seat on Soyuz TMA-7. More...
  • Moshkin Moshkin, Oleg Yuriyevich (1964-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1997-2002. More...
  • Bella Bella, Ivan (1964-) Slovak pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir Stefanik. First Slovak astronaut. More...
  • Moskalyov Moskalyov, Oleg Borisovich Russian scientist cosmonaut candidate, 1964. Scientist. Selected as cosmonaut in early May 1964, but on 28 May 1964 the selection was rejected by the government commission. More...
  • Kononenko, O D Kononenko, Oleg Dmitriyevich (1964-) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EO-17. More...
  • Sharipov Sharipov, Saliszan Shakirovich (1964-) Tatar-Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on STS-89, ISS EO-10. First Uzbek astronaut. SU Air Force. More...
  • Kikuchi Kikuchi, Ryoko (1964-) Japanese journalist cosmonaut, 1989-1990. Graduated from the University of Tokyo in Chinese language Journalist, Tokyo Broadcasting Corporation. Reporter for world news with TBS, reporting from Moscow and then again from Tokyo. More...
  • Lonchakov Lonchakov, Yuri Valentinovich (1965-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on STS-100, ISS EP-4, ISS EO-18. Air Defence Force More...
  • Voskresensky Voskresensky Russian physician cosmonaut, 1964-1964. Medical doctor. Selected as a cosmonaut in early May 1964, but the selection was never confirmed by the government commission. More...
  • Ivanov, I Ivanov, Igor S Russian physician cosmonaut candidate, 1964. Medical doctor. Selected as a cosmonaut, but on 26 May 1964 the selection was rejected by the government commission. More...
  • Yaroshenko Yaroshenko, Georgi L Russian physician cosmonaut candidate, 1964. Medical doctor. Selected as a cosmonaut in early May 1964, but on 26 May 1964 the selection was rejected by the government commission. More...
  • Kotov Kotov, Oleg Valeriyevich (1965-) Russian physician cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EO-15, ISS EO-22. MD from Moscow Sergei M. Kirov Military Medicine Academy, 1980 . Russian Air Force. Worked in the TsPK, medical department. Cosmonaut training 3 June 1996 - 18 March 1998. More...
  • Meytarchan Meytarchan, Vyacheslav Georgyevich (1965-) Ukrainian scientist cosmonaut, 1996-1996. More...
  • Revin Revin, Sergey Nikolayevich (1966-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1996-on. More...
  • Mukhortov Mukhortov, Pavel Pavlovich (1966-) Russian journalist cosmonaut, 1990-1992. More...
  • Skvortsov, Aleksandr Skvortsov, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Jr (1966-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1997-on. Son of cosmonaut Aleksandr Skvortsov. More...
  • Frolov Frolov, Yevgeni A Russian engineer cosmonaut candidate, 1964. Civilian Engineer, Korolev bureau. On 18 May 1964 selection as cosmonaut not approved. More...
  • Ansari Ansari, Anousheh nee Raissyan (1966-) Iranian-American engineer cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EP-11. First female space tourist. First Iranian in space. More...
  • Kozeyev Kozeyev, Konstantin Mirovich (1967-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EP-2. More...
  • Aymakhanov Aymakhanov, Mukhtar Rabatovich (1967-) Kazakh pilot cosmonaut, 2002-on. More...
  • Skripochka Skripochka, Oleg Ivanovich (1969-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1997-on. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO More...
  • Ivanishin Ivanishin, Anatoli Alekseyevich (1969-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 2003-on. Ivanishin was a Captain in the Russian Air Force at Petrozavodsk when selected. A senior fighter pilot with the VVS, he had flown MiG-29 and Su-27 fighters. Russian Air Force More...
  • Adamchuk Adamchuk, Nadezhda Ivanyeva (1970-) Ukrainian scientist cosmonaut, 1996-1996. Botanist. More...
  • Artemyev Artemyev, Oleg Germanovich (1970-) Latvian engineer cosmonaut, 2003-on. More...
  • Samokutyayev Samokutyayev, Aleksandr Mikhailovich (1970-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 2003-on. Flew on ISS EO-27. More...
  • Romanenko, Roman Romanenko, Roman Yuriyevich (1971-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1997-on. Son of cosmonaut Yuri Romanenko. Graduated from Chernigov Higher Military Air School of Pilots, 1992 Russian Air Force. Cosmonaut training completed November 19. 1999. More...
  • Valkov Valkov, Konstantin Anatolyevich (1971-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1997-on. Graduated from Barnaul Higher Military Air School of Pilots, 1994 Russian Air Force. Cosmonaut training completed November 19, 1999. More...
  • Enomoto Enomoto, Daisuke 'Dice-K' (1971-) Japanese businessman cosmonaut, 2004-2006. More...
  • Halik Halik, Nikos 'Nik' (1971-) Australian. Australian millionaire businessman who was the back-up to Richard Garriott for the space tourist seat on Soyuz TMA-13. More...
  • Novitskiy Novitskiy, Oleg Viktorovich (1971-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 2006-on. Lieutenant Colonel, VVS and PVO 4th Army More...
  • Ovchinin Ovchinin, Aleksei Nikolaevich (1971-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 2006-on. Major, 70th Seregina Special Flight Test Regiment RGNIITsPK More...
  • Surayev Surayev, Maksim Viktorovich (1972-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1997-on. Russian Air Force More...
  • Muszaphar Muszaphar, Dr Sheikh (1972-) Malaysian physician cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EP-13. First Malaysian in space. More...
  • Aimbetov Aimbetov, Aydyn Akanovich (1972-) Kazakh pilot cosmonaut, 2002-on. More...
  • Shkaplerov Shkaplerov, Anton Nikolayevich (1972-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 2003-on. More...
  • Volkov, Sergey Volkov, Sergey Aleksandrovich (1973-) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EO-17, ISS EO-28. Son of cosmonaut Aleksandr Volkov. More...
  • Shuttleworth Shuttleworth, Mark Richard Republic 'Buranov' (1973-) South African tourist cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EP-3. First South African astronaut. More...
  • Ryzhikov Ryzhikov, Sergei Nikolaevich (1974-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 2006-on. Major, VVS and PVO 14th Army (Novosibirsk / SibVO) Cosmonaut 2006-10-11 to . More...
  • Ryazansky Ryazansky, Sergei Nikolayevich (1974-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 2003-on. Worked at IMBP, in the post of senior scientific researcher at the "Sensomotornoy, Fiziology i Profilaktiky" department. Cosmonaut training 16 June 2003 - 27 June 2005. More...
  • Serov, Mark Serov, Mark Vyacheslavovich (1974-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 2003-on. An engineer at RKK Energia since 1998. More...
  • Tarelkin Tarelkin, Yevgeni Igorevich (1974-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 2003-on. More...
  • Gromushkina Gromushkina, Nataliya Valerievna (1975-) Russian actor cosmonaut, 1998-2001. Actress, selected to appear in a film to be filmed aboard the Mir space station. Accomplished some training, but the project was cancelled. More...
  • Ko San Ko San (1976-) Korean scientist cosmonaut, 2006-2008. More...
  • Serova Serova, Elena Olegovna (1976-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 2006-on.Wife of Mark Serov (2003 selection group) Graduate of MAI. Worked in TsUP Flight Control Center. More...
  • Misurkin Misurkin, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich (1977-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 2006-on. Major, VVS and PVO 4th Army (Rostov-on-Don; North-Caucasian VO) More...
  • Yi So-yeon Yi So-yeon (1978-) Korean engineer cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EP-14. First Korean in space. More...
  • Khaleed bin Khaleed, Dr Faiz (1980-) Malaysian physician cosmonaut, 2006-2007. Backup to first Malaysian in space. More...
  • Ponomarev Ponomarev, Maksim Vladimirovich (1980-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 2006-on. Captain, Special-Purpose Command Staff (Moscow VO) More...
  • Tikhonov Tikhonov, Nikolai Vladimirovich Russian engineer cosmonaut, 2006-on. Graduated MAI, 2005. More...

See also
  • Academy of Sciences Group 2 - 1980 Requirement: female scientist cosmonauts to visit Salyut and Mir space stations, primarily for propaganda purposes, to upstage American female astronaut flights aboard the shuttle. More...
  • Air Force Group 4 - 1967 Requirement: engineers for planned Soyuz and Almaz flights. In 1968-1975 the VVS expected no fewer than 20 Almaz space stations, 50 military 7K-VI missions, 200 Soyuz training spacecraft flights and 400 Soyuz space transport flights. More...
  • Air Force Group 3 - 1965 Requirement: pilots for planned Soyuz, Soyuz VI, Spiral, and Almaz flights. In 1968-1975 the VVS expected no fewer than 20 Almaz space stations, 50 military 7K-VI missions, 200 Soyuz training spacecraft flights and 400 Soyuz space transport flights. More...
  • China Group - 1996 Requirement: two trainees to receive intense cosmonaut training in Russia and become instructors for China's astronaut training for the Shenzhou program. More...
  • Energia Engineer Group 6 - 1980 Requirement: female engineer cosmonauts to visit Salyut and Mir space stations, primarily for propaganda purposes, to upstage American female astronaut flights aboard the shuttle. More...
  • Energia Engineer Group 1 - 1966 Requirement: engineers for planned Soyuz and Almaz flights. In 1968-1975 the VVS expected no fewer than 20 Almaz space stations, 50 military 7K-VI missions, 200 Soyuz training spacecraft flights and 400 Soyuz space transport flights. More...
  • Female Group - 1980 Requirement: female cosmonauts to visit Salyut and Mir space stations, primarily for propaganda purposes, to upstage American female astronaut flights aboard the shuttle. More...
  • IMBP Group 3 - 1980 Requirement: female physicians to visit Salyut and Mir space stations, primarily for propaganda purposes, to upstage American female astronaut flights aboard the shuttle. More...
  • International Group - 1987 Requirement: pilot from Bulgaria to visit Mir space station for propaganda purposes on Soyuz ferry-exchange mission. This was compensation mission due to failure to deliver Bulgarian cosmonaut on earlier mission to Salyut. More...
  • Intercosmos Group - 1979 Requirement: pilots from friendly socialist countries to visit Salyut space stations for propaganda purposes on Soyuz ferry-exchange missions. More...
  • Intercosmos Group - 1978 Requirement: pilots from friendly socialist countries to visit Salyut space stations for propaganda purposes on Soyuz ferry-exchange missions. More...
  • Intercosmos Group - 1976 Requirement: pilots from friendly socialist countries to visit Salyut space stations for propaganda purposes on Soyuz ferry-exchange missions. More...
  • Kirgiz Group - 1991 Requirement: pilots from Kyrygyzstan to visit Mir space station for propaganda purposes on Soyuz ferry-exchange mission. More...
  • Ukraine Group - 1996 Requirement: pilots from Ukraine to visit Mir space station for propaganda purposes on Soyuz ferry-exchange mission. More...

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