Encyclopedia Astronautica
Chief Designer


Category of persons.

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Associated People
  • Goddard Goddard, Robert Father of American spaceflight; launched first liquid-fuel rocket, 1926. By 1936, testing essentially modern rockets. But reclusive, took patents but did not share lessons learned. Aerojet and von Braun did not benefit from his experience. More...
  • Tupolev Tupolev, Andrei Nikolayevich (1888-1972) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer and General Designer 1943-1972 of OKB-156. More...
  • Vogt Vogt, Richard (1894-1979) German Chief Designer. Chief aircraft designer with Blohm and Voss during World War II. As of January 1947, living in Hamburg. More...
  • Fieseler Fieseler, Gerhard (1896-1987) German chief designer. Manufacturer of the V-1 cruise missile. German sport flier and aircraft manufacturer. More...
  • McDonnell McDonnell, James S (1899-1980) American engineer, president of McDonnell Aircraft 1939-1972. His innovative fighter designs were initially unsuccessful, but the F-4 and F-15 were the premier US fighters after 1960. Contractor for the Mercury, Gemini , and MOL spacecraft. More...
  • Lavochkin Lavochkin, Semyon Alekseyevich (1900-1960) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer of OKB-301 1937-1960 More...
  • Tumanskiy Tumanskiy, Sergei Konstantinovich (1901-1973) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer and General Designer 1955-1973 of OKB-300. Specialised in aircraft turbine engines but also produced spacecraft attitude control engines. More...
  • Kosberg Kosberg, Semyon Ariyevich (1903-1965) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer 1941-1965 of OKB-154. Led work on engines for ICBMs and launchers. More...
  • Bossart Bossart, Karel Jan 'Charlie' (1904-1975) Belgian-American Chief Designer of the Atlas rocket. Conceived many innovative features - balloon propellant tanks, common fuel/oxidizer bulkheads, jettisonable booster engines, separable nose cone, and gimballed engines. More...
  • Tsybin Tsybin, Paver Vladimirovich (1905-1992) Russian Chief Designer OKB-256 1945-1959. Designs: LL rocketplanes, RS Mach 3 ramjet aircraft, PKA spaceplane. Bureau closed, worked for Korolev on Vostok, Soyuz, AMS and Molniya satellites. Deputy Designer of Buran space shuttle, 1974-1992. More...
  • Iosifyian Iosifyian, Andronik Gevondovich (1905-1993) Armenian-Russian chief designer. Chief Designer 1941-1974 of Nll-627/VNIIEM. Specialised in power sources and remote-sensing spacecraft. More...
  • Korolev Korolev, Sergei Pavlovich (1907-1966) Soviet Chief Designer, responsible for creating the first long range ballistic missiles, the first space launchers, the first artificial satellite, and putting the first man in space. After his premature death the Soviets lagged in space. More...
  • Lyulka Lyulka, Arkhip Mikhailovich (1908-1984) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer and General Designer 1946-1981 of OKB-165. Specialised in cryogenic engines for the N1. More...
  • Pilyugin Pilyugin, Nikolai Alekseyevich (1908-1982) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer 1948-1982 of Nll-885 and NII AP. Specialised in missile and spaceship guidance. More...
  • Raspletin Raspletin, Aleksandr Andreyevich (1908-1967) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer 1953-1967 of KB-1. Contributed to the RORSAT, EORSAT, and ASAT programs. More...
  • Glushko Glushko, Valentin Petrovich (1908-1989) Soviet Chief Designer, responsible for all large liquid propellant engines for missiles and LVs. Led Glushko bureau, 1946-1974; Headed NPO Energia 1974-1989, directing development of Energia launch vehicle and Buran spaceplane. More...
  • Isayev Isayev, Aleksei Mikhailovich (1908-1971) Soviet Chief Designer at OKB-2, 1947-1971. Developed storable rocket engines for missiles, supplying innovative engines for Scuds, SLBM's. Leading designer of restartable space engines for satellites, manned spacecraft, and space stations. More...
  • Debus Debus, Kurt Heinrich (1908-1983) German-American engineer. At Peenemuende from 1940, designed and operated V-2 test launch facility. In US from 1945, headed design, build, and operation of launch facilities for the V-2, Redstone, Jupiter, and Saturn rockets for Apollo. More...
  • Bondaryuk Bondaryuk, Mikhail Makarovich (1908-1969) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer 1950-1969 of OKB-670. Specialised in ramjet engines, including the large systems designed for Burya and Buran. More...
  • Barmin Barmin, Vladimir Pavlovich (1909-1993) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer 1941-1993 of GSKB SpetsMash; pre-eminent Soviet designer of rocket launch complexes. More...
  • Ryazanskiy Ryazanskiy, Mikhail Sergeyevich (1909-1987) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer 1946-1951 and 1955-1987 of Nll-885. Specialised in missile and spacecraft radio guidance. More...
  • Kuznetsov Kuznetsov, Nikolai Dmitriyevich (1911-1995) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer and General Designer 1949-1994 of OKB-276. More...
  • Yangel Yangel, Mikhail Kuzmich (1911-1971) Soviet Chief Designer 1954-1971 of OKB-586. Preeminent designer of ballistic missiles and light satellites. His Ukraine bureau designed the R-12 and R-14 IRBM's; the heavy R-16, R-36, and R-36M ICBM's; and the Zenit space launcher, More...
  • Tsien Tsien Hsue-shen (1911-) Father of Chinese spaceflight. Leading rocket theoretician, expelled from USA as Red in 1955. Created China's space industry from scratch, results: China's first ballistic missiles, 1960s; first satellite, 1970; and first astronaut, 2003. More...
  • von Braun von Braun, Wernher (1912-1977) German-American chief designer, leader of the 'Rocket Team'; developed the V-2, Redstone, Jupiter, and the Saturn rockets that took US to the moon. He made the idea of space travel popular in the 1950's and a reality in the 1960's. More...
  • Kershner Kershner, Robert B (1913-1982) American Chief Designer. Developer of the Transit navigation satellite system. More...
  • Nadiradze Nadiradze, Aleksandr Davidovich (1914-1987) Russian chief designer. Director and Chief Designer of the Moscow Institute for Thermal Technology 1961-1987. Pioneering developer of Soviet solid propellant missiles. More...
  • Chelomei Chelomei, Vladimir Nikolayevich (1914-1984) Soviet Chief Designer 1955-1984 of OKB-52. Leading designer of cruise missiles and ICBMs. Fought for lead role in space launchers and manned spacecraft. Led work on UR-100, UR-200 ICBM's, Proton LV, Raketoplan, Almaz, TKS manned spacecraft. More...
  • Babakin Babakin, Georgi Nikolayevich (1914-1971) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer of Lavochkin design bureau, 1965-1971. More...
  • Kartukov Kartukov, Ivan Ivanovich Russian chief designer. Chief Designer of KB-2 of Factory 81. Specialised in solid-propellant engines for spacecraft. More...
  • Mishin Mishin, Vasili Pavlovich (1917-2001) Soviet Chief Designer, superseding Korolev, 1966-1974. Led the bureau in the flight test stages of the L1 and N1-L3 manned lunar programs, the Soyuz, and the Salyut space station. Replaced by Glushko after failures in all of these programs. More...
  • Tyurin, Petr Tyurin, Petr Aleksandrovich (1917-2000) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer 1953-1981 of KB Arsenal. Specialised in L3 components and later performed EORSAT work. More...
  • Izotov Izotov, Sergei Petrovich (1917-1983) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer and General Designer 1960-1983 of OKB- 117. Although predominately an aircraft turbine engine designer, he also developed the engines for Chelomei's UR-100 missile and LK-700 manned lunar lander. More...
  • Kisunko Kisunko, Grigoriy Vasilyevich (1918-1998) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer and General Designer 1953-1975 of KB-1 and later of OKB-30. Led work on early anti-ballistic missiles and ASATs. More...
  • Kryukov Kryukov, Sergei Sergeyevich (1918-) Russian chief designer. Deputy Chief Designer 1961-1965 of Korolev design bureau. Chief Designer 1971-1977 of Lavochkin design bureau. More...
  • Bogomolov, Vladislav Bogomolov, Vladislav Nikolayevich (1919-1997) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer 1971-1985 of Isayev rocket engine design bureau. Succeeded Isayev after his death. More...
  • Savin Savin, Anatoli Ivanovich (1920-) Russian chief designer. General Designer from 1962 of KB-1 and TsNII Kometa. Specialised in the hardware for the Soviet RORSAT. EORSAT, and ASAT programs. More...
  • Kovtunenko Kovtunenko, Vyecheslav Mikhailovich (1921-1995) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer and General Designer of NPO Lavochkin 1977-1995. Kovtunenko started his career at the Yangel design bureau, where was responsible for satellite design. More...
  • Konopatov Konopatov, Aleksandr Dmitriyevich (1922-) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer 1965-1993 of the Kosberg design bureau. Led work on rocket engines. More...
  • Utkin Utkin, Vladimir Fedorovich (1923-2000) Russian chief designer. Deputy Chief Designer 1961-1971 of Yangel design bureau. Succeeded Yangel as Chief Designer in 1971. After the breakup of the Soviet Union, left the Ukraine in 1990 to become head of TsAGI in Moscow. More...
  • Karrask Karrask, Vladimir Konstantinovich (1928-2004) Russian chief designer. From 1964-1986 Deputy Chief Designer, and from 1986-1989 Chief Designer of KB Salyut. More...
  • Qi Faren Qi Faren (1933-) Chinese chief designer. Chief Designer for Chinese Spacecraft, 1992-on, succeeding Qian. Led development of Shenzhou, 1992-1999. Engineering education in Russia, 1958-1960; participated in design of first Chinese satellite, DFH-1, in 1960's. More...
  • Konyukhov, S P Konyukhov, Stanislav Nikolayevich Ukrainian chief designer. General Designer and Chief of KB Yuzhnoye, developed satellites and launch vehicles. Academician of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. More...
  • Nepobedimiy Nepobedimiy, Sergei Pavlovich Russian Chief Designer of the Kolomna Mechanical Engineering Design Bureau.1965-1989, specialised in surface-to-air, tactical ballistic, and anti-tank missiles. Designed the world's only air-augmented ICBM, the Gnom, in the early 1960's. More...
  • Katorgin Katorgin, Boris Ivanovich Russian chief designer. From 1991 General Director and Chief Designer NPO Energomash. Designer of liquid propellant rocket engines and chemical lasers. More...

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