Encyclopedia Astronautica
Korea North



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Musudan
Location of Musudan
Credit: © Mark Wade
Korea North

More... - Chronology...


Associated Spacecraft
  • Kwangmyongsong North Korean communications technology satellite. One launch, 1998.08.31. Payload of the first attempted North Korean satellite launch. More...

Associated Engines
  • Nodong North Korean Nitric acid/UDMH rocket engine. 144 kN. In production. Isp=255s. Used in North Korean missiles and Taepodong 1 satellite launcher. Derived from Isayev designs developed for Scud missiles and SLBM's of the Makeyev bureau. First flight 1998. More...
  • TD-2 CMIK Nitric acid/UDMH rocket engine. 1000 kN. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Hwasong 5 North Korean mobile liquid propellant single stage tactical ballistic missile. Reverse-engineered from Russian R-17's provided by Egypt around 1980. Often referred to as 'Scud-B'. 340 km range compared to 300 km for the original R-17 design. More...
  • Nodong North Korean intermediate range ballistic missile. Single stage vehicle, basis for Iranian Shahab 3 and Pakistani Ghauri. More...
  • Hwasong 7 North Korean mobile liquid propellant single stage tactical ballistic missile. Derived from Russian R-17, often referred to as 'Scud-D'. The Hwasong had a 700 km range with a 500 kg payload and went into service in 1994. More...
  • Hwasong 6 North Korean mobile liquid propellant single stage tactical ballistic missile. Derived from Russian R-17, often referred to as 'Scud-C'. The Hwasong had a 500 km range, achieved by halving the payload. More...
  • Taepodong 1 North Korean orbital launch vehicle. The third stage for the satellite launch version was probably a small solid rocket engine. It failed to reach orbit in the 1998 launch attempt, and later such tests are believed to have used a different design. More...
  • Taepodong North Korean long-range ballistic missile and satellite launch vehicle consisted of a No-Dong 1 IRBM as the first stage, and a derivative of the Scud-C SRBM as the second stage. More...
  • Taepodong 2 North Korean intermediate range ballistic missile. Two-stage ballistic missile. First stage is 18 m long, second is 14 m long. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • CMIK North Korean manufacturer of rocket engines. Korea North, Korea North. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Gitdaeryung North Korean intermediate missile base, south east of Wonson, said to be capable of launching Scud-C's, SCUD-X's and Nodong-A ballistic missiles. Known to have been used for 18 launches from 1984 to 2006, reaching up to 200 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Chiha-ri Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 1 launch in 1991, reaching up to 200 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Musudan Austere coastal missile test site used for launch of long-range missile tests over the Pacific, and North Korea's space launch vehicle.

     

     

     

     

     

     

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Associated Stages
  • Ghauri Nitric acid/UDMH rocket stage. 255.00 kN (57,326 lbf) thrust. Mass 16,000 kg (35,274 lb). More...
  • Hwasong 5 Nitric acid/Kerosene propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 5,000 kg. Thrust 93.00 kN. More...
  • Hwasong 6 Nitric acid/Kerosene propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 5,000 kg. Thrust 93.00 kN. More...
  • Nodong 1 Nitric acid/UDMH rocket stage. 255.00 kN (57,326 lbf) thrust. Mass 15,100 kg (33,290 lb). More...
  • Shahab 3 Nitric acid/UDMH rocket stage. 255.00 kN (57,326 lbf) thrust. Mass 15,100 kg (33,290 lb). More...
  • Taepo Dong 2-2 Nitric acid/UDMH rocket stage. 570.00 kN (128,141 lbf) thrust. Mass 25,600 kg (56,438 lb). More...
  • Taepodong 1-1 Nitric acid/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 25,649/3,733 kg. Thrust 577.34 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 255 seconds. More...
  • Taepodong 1-2 Nitric acid/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 7,505/1,456 kg. Thrust 144.33 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 255 seconds. Included 100 kg spin table for spin-up of third stage prior to release. Burn time is 33.7 seconds at full thrust, 142.3 seconds at half thrust. More...
  • Taepodong 1-3 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 252/50 kg. Thrust 18.33 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 250 seconds. More...
  • Taepodong 2-1 Nitric acid/UDMH rocket stage. 1000.00 kN (224,809 lbf) thrust. Mass 60,000 kg (132,277 lb). More...

Korea North Chronology


1984 April 1 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 5.
1984 September 1 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 5.
1984 September 1 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 5.
1990 May 1 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. Launch Vehicle: Nodong.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Korea North. Agency: CMIK. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1990 June 1 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
1991 July 1 - . Launch Site: Chiha-ri. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
1992 June 1 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. Launch Vehicle: Nodong. FAILURE: Failure.
1992 July 1 - . Launch Site: Hama-Allepo. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
1993 May 29 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
1993 May 29 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
1993 May 29 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. Launch Vehicle: Nodong.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Korea North. Agency: CMIK. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1993 May 30 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
1998 August 31 - . 03:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. LV Family: Taepodong. Launch Vehicle: Taepodong 1. FAILURE: Third stage failure.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Kwangmyongsong 1 - . Nation: Korea North. Agency: Choson. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Kwangmyongsong. COSPAR: F980831A. North Korea reported the launch of its first satellite on the first of September. This announcement was followed on September 14 by the release of a photograph of the satellite and the claim that the satellite had completed its 100th orbit of the earth between 08:24 and 11:17 local time (2017 GMT) on September 13. Video of the launch, the satellite, and an animation of the satellite in orbit around the earth were distributed to foreign news agencies the following weekend. The satellite appeared almost identical to the first Chinese test satellite (which itself appeared almost identical to the US Telstar).

    Despite these claims no foreign observer ever detected the satellite visually, by radar, or picked up its radio signals. The Pentagon at first claimed it was an ICBM launch, and that the satellite story was just a cover for the test. However on further analysis of the data collected on the launch they admitted nearly a month later that there had been some a satellite launch attempt. What seems to have happened is that the third stage either failed and fell into the Pacific or misfired and put the satellite into a low orbit where it decayed very quickly before it could be detected by foreign observers. Additional Details: here....


2006 July 4 - . 18:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
2006 July 4 - . 19:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. Launch Vehicle: Nodong.
2006 July 4 - . 20:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. LV Family: Taepodong. Launch Vehicle: Taepodong 2. FAILURE: Failure.
2006 July 4 - . 22:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
  • North Korean missile test - . Nation: Korea North. Agency: CMIK. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2006 July 4 - . 22:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. Launch Vehicle: Nodong.
2006 July 4 - . 22:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. Launch Vehicle: Nodong.
2006 July 5 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. Launch Vehicle: Nodong.
2009 April 5 - . 02:30 GMT - . LV Family: Taepodong. Launch Vehicle: Taepodong. LV Configuration: Unha 2. FAILURE: Third stage failure..
  • Kwangmyongsong 2 - . Nation: Korea North. Agency: Choson. Summary: Second North Korean satellite launch attempt. Fell in Pacific..

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